Bioconcentration tests with the freshwater amphipod Hyalella azteca (HYBIT) have been proposed as alternatives to fish tests, and the respective experimental BCF values show promising correlations. It is still unclear whether the HYBIT test is also suitable for highly hydrophobic chemicals, such as the UV stabilizers UV-234 and UV-329. In order to estimate the range in which the uptake rate constant k1 would be expected for these substances, a prediction method for k1 in H. azteca was developed. As a result, experimental literature values appear plausible compared to the predicted values within the given uncertainties. The main uncertainties for the prediction are the uncertainty of the determination of the octanol/water partition coefficient and the chemical’s binding to organic matter in water (TOC). Compared to fish tests, HYBIT seems promising for superhydrophobic substances, not only because of the experimental advantages such as smaller experimental units.
Texte | 40/2023
Prof. Dr. Kai-Uwe Goss, Dr. Andrea Ebert
German Environment Agency
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