Reference and HBM Values

Urine and blood specimen in tubes on a questionaire for laboratory analysis

The reference value allows the comparison of the exposure of individuals or population groups with the background exposure. Since environmental conditions are changing reference values are checked continuously and are updated if new information becomes available.The reference value for a chemical substance in human biological material (e.g. blood, urine) is derived according to a defined statistic... read more


Data for health-related exposure assessment

pie-chart and map graphic with styluses on top

The Federal Environment Agency provides extensive current data facilitating population-based exposure modeling and assessment. These reference data describe inter aliafood and drinking water consumptiontime-location and activity patternssoil and dust ingestionresidential characteristicsanthropometricsof the general German population typically stratified by gender and age.A major update and expansi... read more


The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment