Climate Protection and Energy (Department V 1)
Climate protection is one of the greatest challenges facing humankind. The Paris Agreement of 2015 commits the international community to limiting global temperature rise to well under 2 degrees and to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius, if possible. The conclusions of the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C indicate that the increase must be limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius if we are to avoid the otherwise more severe impacts of climate change. It will take no less than an all-encompassing, global transformation towards sustainable, decarbonised and climate-resilient development to achieve this goal.
Energy supply in developed countries such as Germany, for example, must be based more strongly on renewable sources of energy, and energy efficiency must be improved. Department V 1 is responsible among others for the further development of international climate protection agreements, long-term scenarios of future energy supply, and the aims, measures and instruments which are required for ambitious climate protection policy. Such measures include the promotion of renewable energies and ways to save energy in electrical/ electronic equipment and buildings, and the processing of energy and emissions data in Germany. Department V 1 also manages the register of guarantees of origin (Herkunftsnachweisregister) and the register of regional guarantees of origin (Regionalnachweisregister).
German Emissions Trading Authority (Departments V 2 and V 3)
Departments V 2 and V 3 represent the German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt). The DEHSt is the competent authority for the implementation of the EU emissions trading scheme as a central climate protection instrument in Europe and for the project-based climate protection mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol in Germany. Our staff of 160 currently provide support for 1,950 facilities in the energy sector, for high-emissions industries, and for some 400 German and international aircraft operators, for all of which emissions trading is mandatory. Our processes are fully computer supported and carried out electronically. The customer service unit also provides businesses with information concerning all aspects of emissions trading. This includes application for and allocation of certificates as well as account management in the registry and annual emissions reporting. It also operates the auctioning of emission allowances in Germany. We also participate in the further development of the European emissions trading scheme and international climate change mitigation agreements (e.g. Paris Agreement).
The DEHSt is also in charge of approval and monitoring of climate protection projects of the Kyoto Protocol and for the authorisation and payment of state aid to energy-intensive businesses to offset indirect CO2 costs of emissions trading (electricity price compensation). It is also the competent authority for the enforcement of the MRV Maritime Transport Regulation and for the enforcement of the German upstream emission reduction ordinance.