Regional and sectoral adaptation

Climate change has different implications for different sectors and regions. Therefore, specific local and regional adaptation measures should be developed and implemented.

Regional adaptation

The federal states have an important role when it comes to assessing regional climate change vulnerabilities and adaptation options. All states have therefore started to address the issue of climate change adaptation. Some have already published their own adaptation strategies and action plans or are currently working out such strategies.


Sectoral adaptation

Sectoral adaptation measures depend on the specific requirements and vulnerabilities of the individual sectors, the so-called fields of action. Although the German Adaptation Strategy has taken an integrated approach, it also addresses the importance of sectoral approaches in order to develop targeted adaptation measures.


Classification of adaptation measures

There are different approaches to classify adaptation measures. One of them distinguishes technical, integrated as well as legal, political and management measures:

  • Technical adaptation refers to solutions such as infrastructural or construction measures. An example is the construction of dams against floods.
  • Integrated ecosystem measures aim at the restoration and preservation of functioning ecosystems in order to allow adaptation to climate change impacts. Examples are the (re-)establishing or maintaining of natural inundation areas to provide protection against floods.
  • Adaptation in the fields of law, policy and management concerns control and management approaches adopted at the political, social or private level. These include insurance and consulting services as well as risk management or emergency response plans.



  • Bundesregierung (2008): German Adaptation Strategy
  • UBA (2011): Stakeholder-Dialoge: Chancen und Risiken des Klimawandels, Abschlussbericht


Fields of action


- 15 item(s) -

Adaptation: Field of Action Human Health

A baby hand holding the finger of an adult

Temperature changes that occur as a result of climate change can have a strong impact on the health of the population. The increasing number of hot days, new pathogens and extreme weather events pose challenges. These are to be countered primarily through education, early warning systems and medical research. read more


Adaptation: Field of Action Fishery

Fishes under water

Climate change is transforming the habitats of many fish species and also entails economic risks for fisheries. Orienting fisheries towards sustainability, as well as the implementation of marine conservation measures can provide relief to the afflicted ecosystems. If exploitation and conservation measures are adapted, then there is a chance that fisheries’ future will be secured in the long-term. read more


Adaptation: Field of Action Soils

freshly ploughed field

Soil, with all its functions necessary for life, is an important non-renewable resource and, as a CO2 storage, an indispensable part of climate protection efforts. Adaptation measures must be aimed at protecting the soil from erosion, humus loss and other climate-related risks. read more


Adaptation: Field of Action Tourism

Beach chairs at the Baltic Sea

Despite climate change and the corona crisis, tourism in Germany is likely to remain a growth industry. During the economic crises of 2001 and 2008, tourism declined each time and then grew again. read more


Adaptation: Field of action industry and commerce

Pipelines on a factory site

The adaptation of industry and commerce requires protective measures for locations and infrastructure as well as innovative products and more efficient production technologies. These allow for greater independence of raw materials and cooling water and create export opportunities. If industry and commerce react to climate change prematurely, they can successfully compete in the long term. read more


Adaptation: Field of Action Forestry

Stack of wood logs

Although forestry has a relatively high degree of adaptability in comparison to other sectors, the implementation of individual measures is complex and expensive. In addition, the results often only become visible after many years. However, adaptation is necessary to protect the important ecological functions of forests and maintain their economic potential. read more


Adaptation: Field of action finance and insurance sector

Macro photo of a European cent coin

Climate change increases the business risk of banks and insurance companies. However, with the help of an active management, climate-related risks can be met to a great extent and new business opportunities can be exploited. In addition, the financial and insurance industry can create incentives for adaptation measures through product design and investment decisions. read more


The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment