Climate Impacts Germany

Also Germany is affected by climate change. Nearly all areas of society are concerned by the consequences. However, these have very different effects in the various regions and sectors. You can access further information on the climate impacts in the individual sectors or regions of Germany using the search function below. After selecting a sector OR a federal state, you will be shown detailed information on this.

It is, for example, highly probable that heat waves like those that occurred in the summer of 2003 will increasingly become the norm in the future. This can have diverse and profound impacts on the various sectors of agriculture, forestry, health or industry. Furthermore, climate change has an impact on the availability of water resources. Water shortages affect the water and energy industry (due to a lack of cooling water) and agriculture. In order to develop effective adaptation strategies and measures, climate impacts have to be taken into account in a balanced and comprehensive manner. In particular, the climate impacts that were examined in the 2021 climate impact and risk assessment are presented.

In case you are particularly interested in possible adaptation measures for a specific sector, you can access these in the menu regional and sectoral adaptation.

Fields of action


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Climate Impacts: Field of Action Agriculture

Field with farming tailer - a single spike in the foreground

Increased temperatures, heat waves, late frosts, drought, heavy rain, hail and storms have a direct impact on agricultural production. Due to this high dependence on weather and climate, it is particularly important for agriculture as well as fruit cultivation, viticulture and horticulture to be aware of the impacts of climate change and to prepare for them in time. read more

Climate Impacts: Field of Action Forestry

Stack of wood logs

Climate change poses major challenges for forests: Extreme events such as heat and drought periods and storms are severely affecting the forest. Pest infestations and forest fires can cause damage over large areas. In many places, the natural adaptive capacity of forests has already been exceeded and is increasingly endangering the climate and forestry yields. read more

Climate Impacts: Field of Action Soils

freshly ploughed field

Soils fulfil a variety of functions. They are the basis for the production of healthy food, provide settlement and living space for humans and animals, and are crucial for the water balance and protection of groundwater. Soils are the world's largest terrestrial store of organic carbon and thus also of central importance for climate protection. read more

Climate Impacts: Field of Action Human Health

A baby hand holding the finger of an adult

Humans react sensitively to extreme weather events. Heat is a direct burden on human health and can lead to severe diseases of the cardiovascular system and, in extreme cases, to death. In addition, climate change favours allergies and pathogens or their vectors. Sunny years increase the risk of UV-related health damage. read more

Climate Impacts: Field of Action Transport

Traffic jam

Heavy rain, flooding, storms, heat and drought affect the navigability of inland waterways and can cause damage to roads, railways, traffic control systems, overhead lines and power poles. Traffic is affected as a result, which can lead to accidents and economic losses. read more

Climate impacts: Field of action industry and commerce

Pipelines on a factory site

The impacts of climate change pose new challenges for companies. Risks arise in that, for example, the supply of raw materials and intermediate products as well as the transport of goods can be impaired. Sales markets may change or shift. Opportunities can also arise through the development of innovative environmental technologies. read more

Climate impacts: Field of action finance and insurance sector

Macro photo of a European cent coin

Financial and insurance service providers are confronted in various ways with the risks and consequences of climate change. The increase in climate-related damage cases is increasing the demands on risk analysis and risk management. The danger of "stranded assets" is also increasing, i.e. a loss of value of investments due to climate risks. read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment