Climate Impacts Germany

Also Germany is affected by climate change. Nearly all areas of society are concerned by the consequences. In order to develop effective adaptation strategies and measures, climate impacts have to be taken into account in a balanced and comprehensive manner.

It is, for example, highly probable that heat waves like those that occurred in the summer of 2003 will increasingly become the norm in the future. This can have diverse and profound impacts on the various sectors of agriculture, forestry, health or industry. Furthermore, climate change has an impact on the availability of water resources. Water shortages affect the water and energy industry (due to a lack of cooling water) and agriculture.

Further information on climate impacts in different sectors can soon be accessed via the drop-down menu below. After choosing a sector (agriculture, for example), you will be provided with detailed information. In case you are particularly interested in possible adaptation measures for a specific sector, you can access these in the menu regional and sectoral adaptation.



Daschkeit (2012): Anpassung an den nicht mehr vermeidbaren Klimawandel – aktuelle Entwicklungen eines jungen Politikfeldes

Fields of action


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Climate Impacts: Field of Action Agriculture

Field with farming tailer - a single spike in the foreground

Heat waves, heavy rain or water shortage have a direct impact on the agricultural production. Because of this high dependence on weather and climate, it is particularly important for the area of agriculture to know the consequences of climate change and prepare for them in a timely manner. read more


Climate impacts: Field of action industry and commerce

Pipelines on a factory site

The consequences of climate change confront companies with new challenges: rising temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and especially more frequent weather extremes have an indirect effect on the profits. Production plants can be damaged, business operations can be delayed and productivity can be reduced. However, climate change also entails new opportunities. read more


Climate Impacts: Field of Action Forestry

Stack of wood logs

Forests regulate the local, regional and global climate and clean the air. Around 31 per cent of Germany’s territory is covered by forests. Climate change can affect their productivity and vitality. In many places, the natural adaptability of forests has been exceeded already. This increasingly threatens yields from forestry. read more


Climate impacts: Field of action finance and insurance sector

Macro photo of a European cent coin

Financial and insurance services are mainly affected by the economic consequences of climate change: Climate-related damage events increase the business risks for insurance companies and banks and can lead to yield losses and higher insurance payments. However, climate change also offers opportunities for this sector. These include, for example, greater insurance demands and new business models. read more


Climate Impacts: Field of Action Energy Sector

Wind power station in a crop field

From resource and fuel supply to energy conversion and distribution – the entire process in the energy chain is affected by climate change. It can impair the power plant capacity and damage the infrastructure. Especially the conventional energy supply is at risk due to the centralised power generation. In addition, the climate influences the energy demand. read more


Climate Impacts: Field of Action Civil Protection

Jackets and helmets of the professional fire brigade

Climate change also entails new tasks and challenges for civil protection. Due to the expected increasing frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, the people and their supply are at risk. Especially critical infrastructures may be exposed to risks as a result of future climate change. read more


The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment