In addition to marine pollution, ship traffic and overfishing, climate change is an additional stress factor for fish stocks in the North and Baltic Seas. Rising temperatures of ocean water and the rising sea level have an impact on the composition of species and fishing conditions. Particularly small, financially weak fishing businesses may suffer from high economic losses. read more
It is, for example, highly probable that heat waves like those that occurred in the summer of 2003 will increasingly become the norm in the future. This can have diverse and profound impacts on the various sectors of agriculture, forestry, health or industry. Furthermore, climate change has an impact on the availability of water resources. Water shortages affect the water and energy industry (due to a lack of cooling water) and agriculture. In order to develop effective adaptation strategies and measures, climate impacts have to be taken into account in a balanced and comprehensive manner. In particular, the climate impacts that were examined in the 2021 climate impact and risk assessment are presented.
In case you are particularly interested in possible adaptation measures for a specific sector, you can access these in the menu regional and sectoral adaptation.
Soil is an important basis for life and fulfills many different functions. Soils are the basis for the production of healthy food, they provide human and animal settlements and habitats, and they play a crucial role in water management and groundwater protection. It is also of central importance for climate protection. Soils are the world's largest terrestrial reservoir of organic carbon. read more
Tourism, as an economic sector and growth industry, is dependent on the weather.T read more
Heat waves, heavy rain or water shortage have a direct impact on the agricultural production. Because of this high dependence on weather and climate, it is particularly important for the area of agriculture to know the consequences of climate change and prepare for them in a timely manner. read more
Forests regulate the local, regional and global climate, clean the air, protect the soil against erosion, have a positive effect on the hydrologic balance and store carbon. Climate change can affect their productivity and vitality. In many places, the natural adaptability of forests has been exceeded already. This increasingly threatens the climate and yields from forestry. read more
Climate change leads to a shift in climate zones and vegetation phases. This changes the habitats of plants and animals, sometimes profoundly. Biodiversity is also both directly and indirectly threatened by climate change. read more
Climate change will have impacts on the suitability of areas for specific uses and is therefore a challenge for spatial planning. The changing climate conditions can affect the use of space directly (in the case of a flood zone) or indirectly (for example, in case that water availability changes), gradually or suddenly. read more