Climate Impacts Germany

Also Germany is affected by climate change. Nearly all areas of society are concerned by the consequences. However, these have very different effects in the various regions and sectors. You can access further information on the climate impacts in the individual sectors or regions of Germany using the search function below. After selecting a sector OR a federal state, you will be shown detailed information on this.

It is, for example, highly probable that heat waves like those that occurred in the summer of 2003 will increasingly become the norm in the future. This can have diverse and profound impacts on the various sectors of agriculture, forestry, health or industry. Furthermore, climate change has an impact on the availability of water resources. Water shortages affect the water and energy industry (due to a lack of cooling water) and agriculture. In order to develop effective adaptation strategies and measures, climate impacts have to be taken into account in a balanced and comprehensive manner. In particular, the climate impacts that were examined in the 2021 climate impact and risk assessment are presented.

In case you are particularly interested in possible adaptation measures for a specific sector, you can access these in the menu regional and sectoral adaptation.

Fields of action


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Climate Impacts: Field of Action Fishery

Fishes under water

In addition to marine pollution, ship traffic and overfishing, climate change is an additional stress factor for fish stocks in the North and Baltic Seas. Rising temperatures of ocean water and the rising sea level have an impact on the composition of species and fishing conditions. Particularly small, financially weak fishing businesses may suffer from high economic losses. read more

Climate Impacts: Field of Action Soils

freshly ploughed field

Soil is an important basis for life and fulfills many different functions. Soils are the basis for the production of healthy food, they provide human and animal settlements and habitats, and they play a crucial role in water management and groundwater protection. It is also of central importance for climate protection. Soils are the world's largest terrestrial reservoir of organic carbon. read more

Climate Impacts: Field of Action Agriculture

Field with farming tailer - a single spike in the foreground

Heat waves, heavy rain or water shortage have a direct impact on the agricultural production. Because of this high dependence on weather and climate, it is particularly important for the area of agriculture to know the consequences of climate change and prepare for them in a timely manner. read more

Climate Impacts: Field of Action Forestry

Stack of wood logs

Forests regulate the local, regional and global climate, clean the air, protect the soil against erosion, have a positive effect on the hydrologic balance and store carbon. Climate change can affect their productivity and vitality. In many places, the natural adaptability of forests has been exceeded already. This increasingly threatens the climate and yields from forestry. read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment