Modeling of the transport sector is based on the TREMOD (Transport Emission Model) which analyzes the GHG emissions and energy uses of all means of passenger and freight transportation on a yearly basis. The energy consumption for space heating and hot water in buildings under the changing scenarios assumptions is based on the Building Model (GEMOD). Modeling of the agricultural sector is based on the Agriculture and LULUCF model (ALMOD). The cross-sectoral build-up and optimization of the energy supply is based on the SCOPE model,which complies with the climate targets and ensures supply security and permanent coverage of demands in all applications and sectors. The economy-wide use of raw materials including the upstream raw material requirements and GHG-emissions (material and carbon footprints) are derived using the environmental and economic raw materials model (URMOD). Further information on the methodology and detailed results are provided in „Transformationsprozess zum treibhausgasneutralem und ressourcenschonendem Deutschland – GreenEe“ (Umweltbundesamt, Climate Change 01/20) (in German).
We note that only a cost-based optimization of the energy sector is carried out in SCOPE and other societal and environmental costs are not included in the assessment.
The results of the scenario modeling are based to a large extent on the research project “Transformationsprozess zum treibhausgasneutralen und ressourcenschonenden Deutschland” (engl. “Transformation process to a greenhouse-gas neutral and resource –efficient Germany”) (FKZ: 3715 41 115 0) carried out by a research consortium consisting of:
- ifeu – Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung GmbH: M. Dittrich, F. Dünnebeil, A.v. Oehsen, S. Koeppen, R. Vogt, H. Fehrenbach, K. Biemann, S. Limberger, B. Ewers, A. Auberger
- Franhofer IEE – Fraunhofer-Institut für Energiewirtschaft: N. Gerhardt, S. Becker, D. Böttger, F. Frischmuth
- SSG – Sustainable Solutions Germany: K. Schoer
- CONSIDEO: K. Neumann.