The “Energiewende” – Germany’s transition towards a secure, environmentally friendly, and economically successful energy future – includes a large-scale restructuring of the energy supply system towards the use of renewable energy in all sectors. While the switch towards renewables in the electricity sector has been very successful so far, the development in other sectors has been less dynamic until now.
The progress of the energy transition can be seen in growing shares of renewable energies in the electricity, heat and transport sector. On this webpage the Working Group on Renewable Energy Statistics (AGEE-Stat) provides up-to-date insights into the current developments of renewable energies in these sectors as well as their contribution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Yearly time series and charts are updated and published three times a year on the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (German and English, also available as data file). Additionally, our “Monthly and Quarterly Reports” provide near-term insights into the development of renewable energies in Germany (German only).
Share of Renewables in gross final energy consumption
Renewable energies have undergone rapid growth in Germany. Their share in gross final energy consumption reached 17.1 percent in 2019 (calculated in accordance with EU directive 2009/28/EG). The electricity sector is the main driver behind this development.
Electricity generation from renewable energy sources
While in the year 2000 renewables accounted for only 6.2 percent, its share has been growing significantly over the last years, exceeding 10 percent in the year 2005 and 25 percent in the year 2013. In the year 2019 renewable energy sources produced more electricity than coal power plants. Renewable energies provided 42.1 percent of gross electricity consumption.
Heating and cooling
Renewables’ share for heating and cooling has risen to 14.5 percent in 2019. Main energy source in this sector remains biomass (solid, liquid or gaseous), providing almost 90 percent of renewable heat in 2019. Since the early 2000s, ambient heat captured by heat pumps increased constantly together with the number of installed units.
Renewables in transport
The transport sector holds the lowest share of renewable energy sources. In 2019 the share reached 5.6 percent of final energy consumption. Main renewable sources were biodiesel, bioethanol and a growing renewable share of electricity consumption in rail and road transport.
Greenhouse gas emissions avoided by the use of renewables
The use of renewables has expanded significantly in Germany in recent decades. The German Environment Agency calculates that in 2019 the use of renewables avoided around 203 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents. These greenhouse gas emissions would otherwise have been generated by the burning of fossil fuels in the electricity, heating and transport sectors.