The “Energiewende” – Germany’s transition towards a secure, environmentally friendly, and economically successful energy future – includes a large-scale restructuring of the energy supply system towards the use of renewable energy in all sectors. While the switch towards renewables in the electricity sector has been very successful so far, the development in other sectors has been less dynamic.
The progress of the energy transition can be seen in growing shares of renewable energies in the electricity, heat and transport sector. On this webpage the Working Group on Renewable Energy Statistics (AGEE-Stat) provides up-to-date insights into the current developments of renewables in these sectors as well as their contribution to reduce emissions. Additionally, our “Monthly and Quarterly Reports” (in German only) provide an insight into the development of renewables in the current year. Official data are regularly updated and published (in German and English language) at the “Renewable Energy in figures – webpage” of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK).
Share of Renewables in gross final energy consumption
Renewable energies have undergone constant growth in Germany. Their share in gross final energy consumption reached 20.8 per cent in 2022 (calculated in accordance with EU directive (2018/2001)). The electricity sector is the main driver behind this development with renewables already providing 46.0 per cent of electricity consumption in the year 2022.
Electricity generation from renewable energy sources
While in the year 2000 renewables accounted for 6.3 per cent of electricity demand only, its share has been growing significantly over the past years, exceeding 10 per cent in the year 2005 and 25 per cent in the year 2013. In 2022 renewable energy sources provided 254 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity and account for 46.0 per cent of German electricity demand. With wind power being the most important energy source in the German electricity mix.
Heating and cooling
Renewables’ share for heating and cooling purposes has risen from 4.4 per cent in 2000 to 18.2 per cent in 2022. Main energy source in this sector remains biomass (solid, liquid and gaseous), still providing 78 per cent of renewable heat in 2022. Since the early 2000s, heat generated by solar thermal plants and heat pumps grows with increasing speed now providing now about 15 per cent of renewable heat. The remaining share of approximately 7 per cent comes from the renewable fraction of waste.
Renewables in transport
The transport sector holds the lowest share of renewable energy sources. In 2000 less than one percent of final energy consumption for transport purposes was derived from renewable energy sources. This share grew to 6.9 per cent in 2022. Main renewable sources being biodiesel, bioethanol and a growing share of renewable electricity.
Emissions avoided through the use of renewables
The use of renewables has expanded significantly in Germany in recent decades. The German Environmental Agency calculates that in 2022 around 237 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents were avoided through the use of renewables. These emissions would otherwise have been generated through fossil fuels in the electricity, heating and transport sectors.