Soil | Land

Soil development

Rock and soil

What is needed above all for soil to develop is time, and of course rock, which is the material from which soil develops. Likewise necessary are organic substances, water, air and microorganisms. read more

Soil | Land

Soil biodiversity loss

An earthworm in its natural habitat.

The world’s soils are neither barren nor dead, for they constitute the habitats of one trillion times more bacteria than there are stars in the universe. Even a mere teaspoon of soil contains a million bacteria, 120,000 fungi and 25,000 algae. These microscopic organisms perform key material-cycle functions. read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment