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Cover des Berichts "Decision parameters of an MRV scheme for integrating non-CO2 aviation effects into EU ETS"
Transport

Decision parameters of an MRV scheme for integrating non-CO₂ aviation effects into EU ETS


In addition to CO2, aviation affects the climate through other emissions and atmospheric processes, such as the formation of ozone and contrail cirrus. Although these non-CO2 effects account for about 2/3 of aviation's total climate impact, they have not been regulated in the past.This report summarizes the most important decision parameters that need to be considered by policy-makers for the impl…weiterlesen

Reihe
Climate Change
Seitenzahl
20
Erscheinungsjahr
Als hilfreich bewertet
4
Cover des Berichts "DLR Review of an EASA Report requested by the European Commission"
Climate | EnergyTransport

DLR Review of an EASA Report requested by the European Commission

„Updated analysis of the non-CO₂ climate impacts of aviation and potential policy measures pursuant to EU Emissions Trading System Directive Article 30(4)”


In addition to CO₂, aviation affects the climate through other emissions and atmospheric processes, such as the formation of ozone and contrail cirrus. Although these non-CO₂ effects account for about 2/3 of aviation's total climate impact, they have not been regulated in the past.According to Article 30(4) of the EU ETS Directive, ‘the Commission shall present (before January 2020) an updated ana…weiterlesen

Reihe
Climate Change
Seitenzahl
19
Erscheinungsjahr
Als hilfreich bewertet
2
Cover des Berichts "Umsetzung der Clusterung in TREMOD"
Klima | Energie, Verkehr

Umsetzung der Clusterung in TREMOD


Der Luftverkehr verursacht neben CO2 weitere Emissionen und atmosphärische Prozesse, die klimaerwärmend wirken. Vor allem sind dies die Bildung von Kondensstreifen oder Stickoxid-Emissionen und ihre Wirkung auf Ozon.Das Emissionsberechnungsmodell „TREMOD“ ermöglicht eine Abschätzung der jährlichen deutschen Luftverkehrsemissionen und deren Gesamtklimawirkung. Dieser Bericht beschreibt, wie sich mi…weiterlesen

Reihe
Climate Change
Seitenzahl
13
Erscheinungsjahr
Als hilfreich bewertet
1
Cover des Berichts "Software for a simplified estimation of CO2 equivalents of individual flights"
Climate | EnergyTransport

Software for a simplified estimation of CO₂ equivalents of individual flights


In addition to CO2, aviation affects the climate through other emissions and atmospheric processes, such as the formation of ozone and contrail cirrus. These non-CO2 effects account for about 2/3 of aviation's total climate impact but can vary widely from flight to flight. Although scientists have complex models to determine the climate impact of individual flights, there was no simple tool for th…weiterlesen

Reihe
Climate Change
Seitenzahl
33
Erscheinungsjahr
Als hilfreich bewertet
2
Cover des Berichts "Testing of a verification scheme for integrating non-CO2 aviation effects into EU ETS"
Climate | EnergyTransport

Testing of a verification scheme for integrating non-CO₂ aviation effects into EU ETS


In addition to CO2, aviation affects the climate through other emissions and atmospheric processes, such as the formation of ozone and contrail cirrus. These non-CO2 effects account for about 2/3 of aviation's total climate impact but can vary widely from flight to flight. In order to target mitigation measures, it is therefore essential to calculate the climate impact at the level of individual f…weiterlesen

Reihe
Climate Change
Seitenzahl
41
Erscheinungsjahr
Als hilfreich bewertet
1
Cover des Berichts "Testing of a monitoring and reporting scheme for integrating non-CO2 aviation effects into EU ETS"
Climate | EnergyTransport

Testing of a monitoring and reporting scheme for integrating non-CO₂ aviation effects into EU ETS


In addition to CO2, aviation affects the climate through other emissions and atmospheric processes, such as the formation of ozone and contrail cirrus. These non-CO2 effects account for about 2/3 of aviation's total climate impact but can vary widely from flight to flight. In order to target mitigation measures, it is therefore essential to calculate the climate impact at the level of individual f…weiterlesen

Reihe
Climate Change
Seitenzahl
34
Erscheinungsjahr
Als hilfreich bewertet
3
Blick ins UBA-Forum
Chemikalien

Shaping a proper use of biocides

Learning from national examples to enhance environmental protection during the use-phase of biocides


Further action is required beyond active substance approval and product authorization of biocidal products to protect the environment. This action could be European legislation on the use-phase of certain biocides to shape their “proper use”. Whilst such piece of legislation is missing on EU level, countries have been implementing national measures. Within this document, we compiled examples from…weiterlesen

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Scientific Opinion Paper
Seitenzahl
37
Erscheinungsjahr
Als hilfreich bewertet
6
Cover of report "Hearing in Penguins"
Water

Hearing in Penguins


The project studied the hearing ability of Humboldt penguins. The hearing ability of the penguins was determined psychoacoustically and by auditory evoked potentials (AEP). The results show that penguins hear best between 1 and 4 kHz in air. In addition, an animal audiogram database was created to facilitate comparison between the published audiograms of different aquatic animals. Penguins respond…weiterlesen

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Texte
Seitenzahl
108
Erscheinungsjahr
Als hilfreich bewertet
9