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Air

Aerosols in LOTOS

Modellierung und Prüfung von Strategien zur Verminderung der Belastung durch Ozon


Aerosols in the atmosphere have the potential to seriously affect the quality of our environment. Particles of less than 10 micrometers may after inhalation cause adverse effects on health. In addition to direct effects on the health of mankind, aerosols also affect the climate. Aerosols scatter and absorb light as a result of which they directly affect the radiation balance of the earth.read more

Number of pages
57
Year of publication
rated as helpful
129
Climate | Energy, Air

Procedure and Results of a Systematic Comparative Round Robin Estimation of the Uncertainties of Emission Measurements

in Germany and Switzerland during the summer and fall 1998


During summer and fall 1998, 75 sample takers and 20 employees of laboratories of 26 institutes measuring emissions in Germany and Switzerland estimate the uncertainty of measuring results of 5 selected VDI-standard emission measuring methods. The applied method of systematic comparative estimation showed that the estimated total uncertainties UT of the investigated measuring methods range between...read more

Series
Texte
Number of pages
1
Year of publication
rated as helpful
73
Water

Nutrient Emissions into River Basins of Germany


The model ONERIS (MOdelling Nutrient Emissions in RIver Systems) was developed and applied to estimate the nutrient inputs into river basins of Germany by point sources and various diffuse pathways. the model is based on data of river flow and water quality as well as a geographical information system (GIS) which includes digital maps and extensive statistical information.read more

Series
Texte
Number of pages
293
Year of publication
rated as helpful
67
Economy | Consumption

Resource-sparing production of polymer materials

Sub-task 05 - Final Report

Exemplary investigations into the status of practical realisation of integrated environmental protection in different industrial activities and development of general requirements;

The Federal Environmental Agency advertised the UFOPLAN project FKZ: 298 94 313 "Resource-sparing production of polymer materials taking polyolefine as an example" against the background of the importance of polymer materials in terms of value and quantity. New process technologies such as alternative synthesis processes and new catalyst concepts can be observed, above all though not least in the...read more

Number of pages
149
Year of publication
rated as helpful
145
Economy | Consumption

Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC)

German notes on best available techniques in the Refinery Industry


 In this chapter, the candidates BAT with a high environmental protection performance are summarized. Beside the most important individual measures, information about configuration of the plant in the context of BAT is given. It should be noted that the configuration of new plants can be adapted for integration of BAT. Because most refineries have grown over the past decades, fundamental changes i...read more

Number of pages
125
Year of publication
rated as helpful
131
Chemicals, Water

Emission inventory of the German Baltic Sea catchment area


As a part of the scientific project “Emission inventory of the German Baltic Sea catchment area” several investigations of selected point source discharges as well as of important German Baltic rivers are performed. According of the HELCOM list of “priority harmful substances”  balances are derived for the annual pollution input into the Baltic Sea from Germany. The objective of the project was to...read more

Series
Texte
Number of pages
3
Year of publication
rated as helpful
70
Waste | Resources, Agriculture

Study of Research Needs for Sustainable Fisheries


The fourth North Sea Conference (4NSC) held in Esbjerg in 995 and the Intermediate Ministerial Meeting on the Integration of Fisheries and Environmental Issues (IMM) held in Bergen in 1997 identified the need for particular research to support marine environmental protection and the sustainable development of fisheries. In support of these commitments, the German Federal Environmental Agency (Umwe...read more

Series
Texte
Number of pages
9
Year of publication
rated as helpful
72