soil science

Soil | Agriculture

Soil types

A soil profile with differently coloured layers of brown earth.

Specific types of soil with their own inherent properties form over a lengthy period as the result of the interplay between a host of environmental factors. Germany has a closed soil covering that is strong in many locations and forms a patchwork of many different types of soil. read more

Soil | Agriculture

Soil development

Rock and soil

What is needed above all for soil to develop is time, and of course rock, which is the material from which soil develops. Likewise necessary are organic substances, water, air and microorganisms. read more

Soil | Agriculture

Soil science

A floor pit with differently coloured layers.

Germany has many different kinds of soil, which are studied and described by soil scientists. As in the plant kingdom, a distinction is made between the various types of soil. The properties of the numerous so called strong soil types differ greatly in terms of the mechanisms with which they control environmental processes. We human beings are the main beneficiaries of these functions. read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment