Indicator: Nitrate in groundwater

A graph shows the proportion of groundwater sampling sites where nitrate measurements for the years 2008 to 2021 were above 25 and 50 milligrams per litre. In the period covered, neither sub-indicator has shown any significant change.

The European Nitrates Directive places Germany under the obligation to prevent exceedances of the quality standard of 50 milligrams nitrate per litre.Since 2008, the quality standard has been exceeded every year at almost one in six measuring points.On June 21, 2018, the European Court of Justice found Germany guilty of violating the EU Nitrates Directive.Agriculture is the most important source o... read more

Indicator: Nitrogen eutrophication

A graph shows the proportion of vulnerable ecosystems in Germany where the critical loads for eutrophication were exceeded between 2000 and 2019 and the target for 2030. In 2000, the share was 84 % and in 2019, it was 69 %.

69 % of vulnerable ecosystems in Germany are threatened 2019 by excess nitrogen deposition.With the revised German Sustainable Development Strategy 2016, the Federal Government aims to reduce the proportion of these areas by 35 % until 2030. According to the current calculation basis, this results in a target value of 52 % by 2030.This target is feasible only if efforts to reduce air pollution are... read more

Indicator: Organic farming

A graph shows the increase of the share of organic farming areas in total utilised agricultural area based on data of the German Federal Statistical Office and the FMFA. It also shows the 30 percent target of the Federal Government.

According to the data of the German Federal Statistical Office, the share of area under organic farming of agricultural land increased from 2.9 % to 9.7 % from 1999 to 2021.The Federal Government aims to increase the proportion of organically cultivated areas in agricultural land to 30 % by 2030.At the growth rate of recent years, this aim is expected to be missed in 2030. read more

Indicator: Environmentally friendly consumption

A graph shows the market shares of products with official eco-labelling. Between 2012 and 2016 this figure rose from 3.6 % to 8.6 %. Since then, the values have been lower until 2018. In 2020 there was a significant increase to 13.4 %.  The target for 2030 is 34 % market share.

In the sector of products with official eco-labels, 13.4 % of turnover was generated with particularly environmentally friendly products in 2020.The Federal Government has set the target of increasing the market share of environmentally friendly products to 34 % by 2030.More efforts are needed to achieve this goal, particularly in the food and mobility sectors. read more

Indicator: Using water resources

A graph shows the water exploitation index for the years 1991 to 2019. Values are available for every three or four years. The index fell almost constantly and has been below the critical value of 20 percent since 2007. This presentation is based on the long-term potential water supply of 176 billion m³.

A water exploitation index of 20 % or above indicates the threshold of water stress.Water stress means an increasing risk of environmental problems and economic difficulties.Since 2007 the water exploitation index has been below the critical level of 20 %.Germany is causing water exploitation in other parts of the world by importing goods. In some regions this can contribute to water stress. read more

Indicator: Global surface temperature

A graph shows the deviation of the global air temperature between 1850 and 2021 from the average global air temperature from 1850 to 1900, which is taken as the baseline period. 2021 was 1.1 degrees Celsius warmer than the baseline average.

2021 was the seventh warmest year worldwide since records began 1850.The last seven years have been the warmest years worldwide since 1850.The Paris Climate Agreement stipulates that the increase in global temperature should be limited to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels, and even to 1.5 °C. Due to historical data availability, the comparative period used by WMO for this purpose is 1850... read more

Indicator: Ecological status of transitional and coastal waters

A diagram shows the distribution of the ecological status/ecological potential of transitional and coastal waters for the North Sea and the Baltic Sea for the years 2010, 2015 and 2021. The target for 2027 is shown (100 % good or very good).

In 2021 no water body of transitional or coastal waters in the North and Baltic Seas achieved good or very good status.According to the European Water Framework Directive, by 2015 and with a deadline extension to 2027 all waters should have achieved at least a good ecological status.The time must now be used to reach the ambitious targets by 2027 at the latest.This will require considerable additi... read more

Indicator: Recycling municipal waste

A graph shows the proportions of processed and recycled municipal waste in the total quantity of municipal waste from 2002 to 2020. During this period the proportion of recycled municipal waste rose from 56.1 to 67.4 percent.

The recycling rate for municipal waste rose from 56 % in 2002 to 67.4 % in 2020.The target set by the Federal Government of increasing the recycling percentage for municipal waste to 65 % by 2020 has therefore been achieved.However, there is still a need for action for individual subgroups of municipal waste. read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment