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Indicator: Agricultural nitrogen surplus

A graph shows the agricultural nitrogen surpluses for individual years and as rolling 5-year means between 1990 and 2017. The 5-year-mean nitrogen surpluses in kilogrammes per hectare dropped from 111 to 94.

The five-year average of nitrogen surplus per hectare of utilized agricultural land has decreased by 15 % since 1993.The Federal Government aims to reduce the average nitrogen surplus of the years 2028 to 2032 to 70 kilogrammes per year.Efforts must be considerably intensified to reach this target. read more


Indicator: Taxes related to the environment

A graph shows the development of environmental taxes for 1995 (40.2 billion euros) to 2018 (59.5 billion euros) and their share of total tax revenues in the public budgets.

The most important environmental taxes are energy, motor vehicle and electricity taxes.In 2018, environmental taxes amounted to a total of 59.5 billion euros.Environmental taxes have significantly increased since 1995. Since 2009, however, their share of total taxes has been in constant decline. read more


Indicator: Population exposure to traffic noise

A graph shows the number of people exposed to traffic noise above 65 decibels throughout the day in 2017 – and those exposed to over 55 decibels between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. It differentiates between road, aircraft and rail traffic noise.

In 2017, the health of about 4.7 million people was affected by night-time noise. Throughout the day, noise affected the health of at least 3.3 million people.The main source of noise is road traffic. Rail traffic is particularly relevant at night. Overall, aircraft noise plays only a minor role.Noise that exceeds exposure limits can lead to health problems. read more


Indicator: Eutrophication of the North Sea/Baltic Sea by nitrogen

A graph shows the change in concentration of total nitrogen in all the main rivers which enter the North Sea and Baltic Sea in Germany. A distinction is made between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. The concentration value is given as the moving average of the flows of the past 5 years in milligrams per litre.

To achieve the objectives for the protection of the marine environment, Germany has committed to comply with maximum concentrations of nitrogen at estuaries.These target concentrations in the North Sea and Baltic Sea are only slightly exceeded on average by all rivers, but some rivers still have very high concentrations.In order to fulfil the objectives, it is necessary that each river achieves th... read more


Indicator: Organic farming

A graph shows the increase of the share of organic farming areas in total utilised agricultural area from 1996 (2.1 percent) to 2018 (9.1 percent). It also shows the 20 percent target of the Federal Government.

The share of area under organic farming of agricultural land increased from 2.1 % to 9.1 % from 1996 to 2018.The Federal Government aims to increase the proportion of organically cultivated areas to 20 % by 2030.At the growth rate of recent years, this aim will still take decades to achieve. read more


Indicator: Air quality in agglomerations

A graph shows how strongly, on average, urban background levels of three main air pollutants in German agglomerations exceeded World Health Organisation (WHO) recommendations between 2000 and 2018. The trend for the different pollutants varies. Between 2000 and 2018, the values for nitrogen dioxide were between 35.9 and 1.9 percent, for ozone between 71.0 and 76.8 percent and for particulate matter (PM2.5) between 77.3 and 24.8 percent.

The background levels of three main air pollutants in German agglomerations exceed World Health Organisation (WHO) guideline values and effect thresholds.Close to sources, pollutant levels can even be significantly higher.The situation regarding nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter has greatly improved since 2000.Ozone and particulate matter pollution is very dependent on the weather. Levels th... read more


Indicator: Bathing water quality

A graph shows good and sufficient bathing water quality levels for coastal and inland waters (1992 to 2018). There was a particularly strong improvement in quality in the 1990s. The 2015 target has almost been met.

All bathing waters in the EU were supposed to be of at least sufficient quality by 2015.Germany missed the target by a narrow margin: 98 % of all bathing waters met the requirements in 2018.Taking into account only those bathing waters that were assessed, 99.7 % of the bathing waters met the requirements.94 % of inland bathing waters and almost 86 % of coastal bathing waters had excellent water qu... read more


Indicator: Land-take for settlements and transport infrastructure

A graph in the form of a bar chart shows how many hectares of land per day in Germany were newly designated for settlements and transport infrastructure between 1993 and 2017. The chart also shows the four-year average

Between 2014 and 2017, 58 hectares (ha) of land per day were newly dedicated to settlements and transport infrastructure.The Federal Government aims to reduce this figure to 30 ha per day by 2020 and below 30 ha per day by 2030.Additional actions are necessary in order to achieve these targets. read more


The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment