Indicator: Organic farming

A graph shows the increase of the share of organic farming areas in total utilised agricultural area based on data of the German Federal Statistical Office and the FMFA. It also shows the 20 percent target of the Federal Government.

According to the data of the German Federal Statistical Office, the share of area under organic farming of agricultural land increased from 2.6 % to 7.3 % from 1999 to 2018.The Federal Government aims to increase the proportion of organically cultivated areas to 20 % by 2030.At the growth rate of recent years, this aim will still take decades to achieve. read more


Indicator: Renewable energy

A graph shows the share of renewable energies in gross final energy consumption and gross electricity consumption. The share in gross electricity consumption rose from 6.3 percent in 2000 to 42.1 percent in 2019. The share in gross final energy consumption rose from 6.2 to 17.1 percent from 2004 to 2019.

The share of renewable energies in electricity consumption increased from 6.3 % to 42.1 % between 2000 and 2019.The share of renewables in gross final energy consumption increased from 6.2 % (2004) to 17.1 % (2019).The target value of 35 % for 2020 for gross electricity consumption was already achieved in 2017. For gross final energy consumption, it is possible to achieve the 2020 target.For the y... read more


Indicator: GHG emissions avoided through the use of renewables

A graph shows the trend for greenhouse gas emissions avoided through the use of renewables for power, heat and transport. 27.8 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents were avoided in 1990, and 203,4 million tonnes in 2019.

Renewables are increasingly replacing fossil fuels in the fields of electricity generation, heat production and transport.As a result, avoided GHG emissions today are more than seven times higher than in 1990.The Federal Government intends to considerably expand the share of renewables to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions. read more


Indicator: Taxes related to the environment

A graph shows the development of environmental taxes for 1995 (40.2 billion euros) to 2019 (60.7 billion euros) and their share of total tax revenues in the public budgets.

The most important environmental taxes are energy, motor vehicle and electricity taxes.In 2019, environmental taxes amounted to a total of 60.7 billion euros.Environmental taxes have significantly increased since 2005. However, their share of total taxes has been in constant decline, now being at 7.6 %. read more


Indicator: National Welfare Index

A graph shows the national welfare index (NWI) and gross domestic product (2000 = 100) for the years between 1991 and 2018. Since 2000, the NWI fell by 1.2 percent, while GDP rose by 26.3 percent.

Gross domestic product (GDP) measures the economic performance of an economy, but does not reflect social welfare.The national welfare index (NWI) includes overall 20 activities that raise and diminish welfare.The NWI reached its peak in 1999 and declined afterwards until 2005. An upward trend has been observed since 2013. read more


Indicator: Agricultural nitrogen surplus

A graph shows the agricultural nitrogen surpluses for individual years and as rolling 5-year means between 1990 and 2018. The 5-year-mean nitrogen surpluses in kilogrammes per hectare dropped from 116 to 93. The target for 2030 is 70 kilogrammes per hectare and year.

The five-year average of nitrogen surplus per hectare of utilized agricultural land has decreased by 20 % since 1992.The Federal Government aims to reduce the average nitrogen surplus of the years 2028 to 2032 to 70 kilogrammes per year.Efforts must be considerably intensified to reach this target. read more


Indicator: Grasslands

A graph shows the area of the permanent grassland as absolute value and as share of the total agricultural area from 1991 to 2019. Both indicators have been steadily declining until 2013 and have since then risen slowly.

Between 1991 and 2019 the area of grassland in Germany decreased by around 11 %.The area of permanent grassland has risen slightly in recent years.The national implementation of the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) aims, among others, at maintaining the 2012 level of (total) grassland area.Effective steps are required to achieve this target. read more


Indicator: Species diversity and landscape quality

A graph shows the development of the population of representative bird species for different landscapes and the development of an aggregate indicator from 1970 to 2015. The aggregate indicator decreases significantly from 107 % in 1970 to 71 % in 2016.

In 2016 the indicator was at 70.5 % and remains far from the target value.The sub-indicators for farmland and coasts and sea have fared particularly badly.In the German Sustainable Development Strategy, the Federal Government envisages that the indicator should rise to 100 % by 2030. read more


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