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Indicator: Hot days

A graph shows the number of hot days in the areal mean for 1951 to 2019. Although the trend varies greatly, the increase is clearly visible. A trend line has also been plotted on the graph which shows a significant rise.

The highest number of hot days averaged across Germany were recorded in 2003, 2015 and 2018.Despite considerable fluctuations between individual years, the overall trend is rising significantly.More hot days are expected during summer months in the coming decades due to climate change. read more


Indicator: Nitrate in groundwater

A graph shows the proportion of groundwater sampling sites where nitrate measurements for the years 2008 to 2018 were above 25 and 50 milligrammes per litre. In the period covered, neither sub-indicator has shown any significant change.

The European Nitrates Directive places Germany under the obligation to prevent exceedances of the threshold of 50 milligrammes nitrate per litre.Since 2008, the threshold has been exceeded every year at almost one in five measuring points.On June 21, 2018, the European Court of Justice found Germany guilty of violating the EU Nitrates Directive (case C-543/16).Agriculture is the most important sou... read more


Indicator: Renewable energy

A graph shows the share of renewable energies in gross final energy consumption and gross electricity consumption. The share in gross electricity consumption rose from 6.3 percent in 2000 to 37.8 percent in 2018. The share in gross final energy consumption rose from 6.2 to 16.6 percent from 2004 to 2018.

The share of renewable energies in electricity consumption increased from 6.3 % to 37.8 % between 2000 and 2018.The share of renewables in final energy consumption increased from 6.2 % (2004) to 16.6 % (2018).So far, only the energy industry seems to be on track to reach the targets set by the German Government. Additional efforts are needed, especially in the areas of heating and transport. In th... read more


Indicator: GHG emissions avoided through the use of renewables

A graph shows the trend for greenhouse gas emissions avoided through the use of renewables for power, heat and transport. 27.8 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents were avoided in 1990, and 187.3 million tonnes in 2018.

Renewables are increasingly replacing fossil fuels in the fields of electricity generation, heat production and transport.As a result, avoided GHG emissions today are more than six times higher than in 1990.The Federal Government intends to considerably expand the share of renewables to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions. read more


Indicator: Employment in environmental protection

A graph shows the employment in environmental protection and their share in the overall employment for 2002 until 2017 – in two-year-steps. The share was 6.4 percent in 2014, whereas it was only 3.7 percent in 2002.

In 2017, around 2.8 million people worked in environmental protection. That is 6.4 % of all employees.Of this, over half are environment-related services.Since 2002, employment in environmental protection has risen steadily and environmental protection has established itself as an important factor for the labour market. read more


Indicator: National Welfare Index

A graph shows the national welfare index (NWI) and gross domestic product (2000 = 100) for the years between 1991 and 2017. Since 2000, the NWI fell by 3.6 percent, while GDP rose by 24.3 percent.

Gross domestic product (GDP) measures the economic performance of an economy, but does not reflect social welfare.The national welfare index (NWI) includes overall 20 activities that raise and diminish welfare.The NWI reached its peak in 1999 and declined afterwards until 2005. An upward trend has been observed since 2013. read more


Indicator: Energy use and CO₂-emissions of the consumption

A graph shows the direct and indirect energy use and CO2 emissions of private households in 2000, 2005 and from 2007 to 2015. The energy use is divided into five areas of demand.

Energy use in private households has fallen by 7.7 % since 2000.This development can largely be attributed to the reduction in energy consumption in the “living” sector, which has fallen by 12.7 % within the same period.Carbon dioxide emissions in private households show a similar fluctuation pattern to that of energy consumption. read more


Indicator: Global surface temperature

A graph shows the deviation of the global air temperature between 1850 and 2018 from the average global air temperature from 1961 to 1990, which is taken as the baseline period. 2018 was 0.60 degrees Celsius warmer than the baseline average.

2018 was the fourth warmest year worldwide since records began.The last five years have been the warmest years worldwide since 1850.The Paris Climate Agreement stipulates that the increase in global temperature should be limited to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels, and even to 1.5 °C. read more


The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment