Indicator: Global surface temperature

A graph shows the deviation of the global air temperature between 1850 and 2023 from the average global air temperature from 1850 to 1900, which is taken as the baseline period. 2023 was 1.5 degrees Celsius warmer than the baseline average.

2023 was the warmest year worldwide since records began 1850.The last nine years have been the warmest years worldwide since 1850.The Paris Agreement stipulates that the increase in global temperature should be limited to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels, and even to 1.5 °C. Due to historical data availability, the comparative period used by WMO for this purpose is 1850 to 1900. read more

Indicator: Global environmental footprint of consumption

A graph shows the global environmental footprint of household consumption, represented by the indicator’s energy consumption, CO₂ emissions and raw material use. The indicators show the environmental footprint generated by the consumption activities of private households in Germany and abroad

Compared with 2010, energy consumption by private households and associated carbon dioxide emissions decreased slightly overall.Raw material use stagnated at the level of 2010.In its Sustainability Strategy the German government sets the goal of reducing the global environmental footprint of private household consumption in all three areas. read more

Indicator: Environmentally friendly passenger transport

A graph shows the share of pedestrian, utility cycling, railway and passenger transport services in the overall passenger transport volume. Shown here are the years between 2003 and 2021. There has been changes in method in this period in 2003 and 2007.

The share of environmentally friendly passenger transport has remained more or less constant since 2003, only slightly increasing until 2019 and reaching 20.6 %. Due to the pandemic it decreased in 2020 and 2021 to around 18 %.To keep the environmental impact of passenger transport low, the share of environmentally friendly transport in total passenger transport should be as high as possible.The F... read more

Indicator: Environmentally friendly consumption

A graph shows the market shares of products with official eco-labelling. Between 2012 and 2022 this figure rose from 3.6 % to 13.9 %. In 2020 there was a significant increase from 7.9 %to 13.4 %. The target for 2030 is 34 % market share.

In the sector of products with official eco-labels, 13.9 % of turnover was generated with particularly environmentally friendly products in 2022.The Federal Government has set the target of increasing the market share of environmentally friendly products to 34 % by 2030.More efforts are needed to achieve this goal, particularly in the food and mobility sectors. read more

Indicator: Total raw material productivity

A graph shows the total raw material productivity plus the primary raw material inputs and the sum of gross domestic product and the value imports from 2010 to 2021 (2010 = 100).

The total raw material productivity grew by 15 % between 2010 and 2021.According to the German government, an average growth of 1.6 % of total raw material productivity must be achieved between 2010 and 2030.With annual growth averaging around 1.3 %, the current development is below this target.Total raw material productivity is a measure of the efficiency of raw material use and also includes raw... read more

Indicator: Raw material footprint

A graph shows the primary raw material consumption per capita for 2000 to 2021. It is divided according to different types of materials. After an initial increase, the raw material footprint has fallen again to its original level in recent years.

Primary raw material use per capita, or the raw material footprint, decreased only by 1 % between 2010 and 2021.These figures include raw materials which were required for the production of consumed goods at home and abroad.German raw material consumption is too high by international comparison and is to be reduced further. read more

Indicator: Greenhouse gas emissions

A graph shows the trend in greenhouse gas emissions in Germany, which fell from 1,251 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents in 1990 to 750 million tonnes in 2022. The bars are divided into different sectors. The graph shows all target values up to 2050.

Greenhouse gas emissions in Germany declined by exactly 40 % between 1990 and 2022.Germany aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40 % by 2020 and by at least 65 % by 2030 compared to 1990 emission levels. Complete greenhouse gas neutrality is to be achieved by 2045.In 2022, Germany stayed right under the 2020 target of minus 40 %. Without massive and rapid additional efforts, further goals wi... read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment