indicator

Umwelt-Indikator

Indicator: Organic farming

A graph shows the increase of the share of organic farming areas in total utilised agricultural area based on data of the German Federal Statistical Office and the FMFA. It also shows the 30 percent target of the Federal Government.

According to the data of the German Federal Statistical Office, the share of area under organic farming of agricultural land increased from 2.9 % to 9.6 % from 1999 to 2020.The Federal Government aims to increase the proportion of organically cultivated areas in agricultural land to 30 % by 2030.At the growth rate of recent years, this aim is expected to be missed until 2030. read more

Indicator: Air quality in agglomerations

A graph shows how strongly, on average, urban background levels of three main air pollutants in German agglomerations exceeded World Health Organisation (WHO) recommendations between 2000 and 2021. The trend for the different pollutants varies. Between 2000 and 2021, the values for nitrogen dioxide were between 35.9 and -20,5 percent, for ozone between 71.0 and 46,8 percent and for particulate matter (PM2.5) between 77.3 and -5,7 percent.

The background level of one main air pollutant (ozone) in German agglomerations still exceeds World Health Organisation (WHO) guide line values.Close to sources, pollutant levels can even be significantly higher.The situation regarding nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter has greatly improved since 2000. In 2020, the mean value fell below the WHO recommendation for PM 2.5 for the first time.Ozo... read more

Indicator: Agricultural nitrogen surplus

A graph shows the agricultural nitrogen surpluses for individual years and as rolling 5-year means between 1990 and 2020. The 5-year-mean nitrogen surpluses in kilogrammes per hectare dropped from 117 to 87. The target for 2030 is 70 kilogrammes per hectare and year. The target for 2030 are 70 kilogrammes per hectare and year.

The five-year average of nitrogen surplus of the total balance per hectare of utilized agricultural land has decreased by 26 % since 1992.The Federal Government aims to reduce the average nitrogen surplus of the total balance of the years 2028 to 2032 to 70 kilogrammes per hectare of agricultural land.If the trend oft he last 10 years continues, the target will be reached. read more

Indicator: Bathing water quality

A graph shows good and sufficient bathing water quality levels for coastal and inland waters (1992 to 2021). There was a particularly strong improvement in quality in the 1990s. The 2015 target has almost been met.

All bathing waters in the EU were supposed to be of at least sufficient quality by 2015.97.7 % of inland bathing waters had excellent water quality in 2021. With that the target has been missed only slightly.Taking into account only those bathing waters that were explicitly assessed, 99.4 % of the bathing waters met the requirements in 2020.About 92 % of inland waters and almost 85 % of coastal ba... read more

Indicator: Population-weighted particulate matter exposure

A bar chart shows the population-weighted fine particulate pollution (PM2.5) annual mean for Germany from 2010 to 2018. The load decreased significantly from 2010 to 2018. Note: Measuring stations in urban areas with high traffic loads and in the immediate vicinity of industrial plants were not included in the calculation.

Population-weighted particulate matter (PM2.5) levels in Germany were significantly lower in 2020 than in 2010.In 2020, the population-weighted particulate matter exposure was 8.6 micrograms per cubic meter on average for the year. This is 37 % less than in 2010.The decrease in exposure is due to declining emissions from stationary sources (e.g., power plants, industrial operations) and measures t... read more

Indicator: Population exposure to particulate matter pollution

A diagram shows the number of people from 2010 to 2020 in Germany affected by exceeding the 2005 World Health Organization (WHO) guideline value for particulate matter (PM2.5). The exposure decreased significantly in the period shown.

The exposure of the population to particulate matter (excluding traffic-related measuring points) was significantly lower in 2020 than in 2010.Particulate matter concentrations in ambient air are considerably affected by weather conditions which may vary substantially within the year and from one year to another.The German Environment Agency (UBA) proposes a target of keeping the exposure of the e... read more

Indicator: Grasslands

A graph shows the area of permanent grassland and its share of the total agricultural area from 1991 to 2021. Both indicators have been declining until 2013 and have then increased in the years that followed. Most recently, the values have stagnated.

Between 1991 and 2021 the area of grassland in Germany decreased by around 11 %.The area of permanent grassland has almost remained at the same level in recent years.The national implementation of the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) aims, among others, at maintaining the 2012 level of (total) grassland area.Effective steps are required to achieve this target. read more

Indicator: Renewable energy

A graph shows the share of renewable energies in gross final energy consumption and gross electricity consumption. The share in gross electricity consumption rose from 6.3 percent in 2000 to 41.1 percent in 2020. The share in gross final energy consumption rose from 6.2 to 19.7 percent between 2004 and 2021.

The share of renewable energies in electricity consumption increased from 6.3 % to 41.1 % between 2000 and 2021.The share of renewable energies in gross final energy consumption increased from 6.2 % (2004) to 19.7 % (2021).The goal of increasing the share of renewable energies in gross final energy consumption to 18 % by 2020 was achieved.The 2030 targets can only be achieved with considerable add... read more

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