Indicator: National Welfare Index

A graph shows the national welfare index (NWI) and gross domestic product (2000 = 100) for the years between 1991 and 2022. Since 2000, the NWI fell by 3.6 percent, while GDP rose by 27.6 percent.

A graph shows the national welfare index (NWI) and gross domestic product (2000 = 100) for the years between 1991 and 2022. Since 2000, the NWI fell by 3.6 percent, while GDP rose by 27.6 percent.The national welfare index (NWI) includes overall 21 activities that raise and diminish welfare.The NWI shows a different course than GDP. It fluctuates in phases, but there is no discernible long-term tr... read more

Indicator: Final energy consumption

A diagram shows the final energy consumption from 2008 to 2022. The trend is slightly downward, but fluctuates from year to year due to the influence of the weather. The EnEfG targets for the years 2030 and 2045 are also shown.

The use of energy resources (energy consumption) is associated with many negative environmental impacts.The figure "final energy consumption" excludes the consumption of the energy system itself and reflects the energy consumption of end consumers.The Energy Efficiency Act sets the target that final energy consumption should be 26.5 % lower than in 2008 by 2030 (2045: - 45 %).The German Environmen... read more

Indicator: Land-take for settlements and transport infrastructure

A graph in the form of a bar chart shows how many hectares of land per day in Germany were newly designated for settlements and transport infrastructure between 2000 and 2022. The chart also shows the four-year average.

Between 2019 and 2022, 52 hectares of land per day were newly dedicated to settlements and transport infrastructure.Originally, the increase was to fall to 30 hectares per day by 2020. According to the goals of the sustainability strategy, the daily increase now should be less than 30 hectares per day by 2030.The Integrated Environmental Programme of the Federal Environment Ministry specifies a re... read more

Indicator: Sustainable forestry

A graph shows the percentage of woodland area certified under the PEFC or FSC sustainability standards from 2000 to 2023. In 2023, the PEFC covered 79.4 percent and the FSC 14.6 percent. The graph also shows the target for 2010.

After a sharp rise between 2000 and 2003, the proportion of PEFC certified areas has stagnated until 2019. In 2023, the share was 10 percentage points higher than in 2019.Overall, the proportion of areas certified under FSC has developed very well since 2000. The proportion is far below that of PECF certified areas, however.The Federal Government wanted the forested area in Germany certified under... read more

Indicator: Final energy consumption of transport

A graph shows the final energy consumption in freight and passenger transport between 2005 and 2022 and the targets of the Federal Government (2005 = 100) presented as an index.

The Federal Government wants to lower final energy consumption of freight and passenger transport by 15 to 20 % by 2030 compared to 2005.Freight and passenger transport have become significantly more efficient since the early 1990s, but the increased transport performance has led to an increase or stagnation in final energy consumption.Final energy consumption in freight transport remains at a hig... read more

Indicator: Environmental management

A graph shows the development of EMAS registered organisations in Germany between 2005 and 2023, sorted by number of organisations, sites and employees. The target of the Sustainability Strategy (5,000 sites by 2030) is also shown.

EMAS is an internationally applicable system for environmental management. It is the most ambitious environmental management standard publicly available.By 2011 and 2012 respectively, the number of EMAS registered organisations, sites and employees had declined.A slight upward trend was then observed until 2017, which did not continue from 2018 to 2020. Since 2020, there has been a rise in the num... read more

Indicator: Population exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5)

A graph shows the proportion of people in Germany affected by exceeding the guideline value and the World Health Organisation's interim target 4 for particulate matter (PM2.5) from 2010 to 2021 - with a descending trend with regard to interim target 4.

Since 2010, the population's PM2.5 exposure above an annual average of 10 µg/m³ (interim target 4 of the new guideline values of the World Health Organisation (WHO) from 2021, equal to the old WHO guideline value from 2005) has decreased significantly in Germany.However, between 2010 and 2021, almost the entire population was exposed to particulate matter levels above the current WHO guideline val... read more

Indicator: Energy consumption for buildings

A graph shows the building-related final energy consumption for room heating, room cooling, hot water and lighting for 2008 to 2022. The indicator decreases with fluctuation. No differentiation is shown between the individual uses.

Final energy consumption associated with buildings decreased by 15.2 % between 2008 and 2022.However, according to the 2010 Energy Concept, the heat demand of buildings should have decreased by 20 % between 2008 and 2020. In fact, consumption fell by only 10.9 %.Due to the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine and the subsequent efforts to save energy in Germany, final energy consumption in bu... read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment