Indicator: Global surface temperature

A graph shows the deviation of the global air temperature between 1850 and 2023 from the average global air temperature from 1850 to 1900, which is taken as the baseline period. 2023 was 1.5 degrees Celsius warmer than the baseline average.

2023 was the warmest year worldwide since records began 1850.The last nine years have been the warmest years worldwide since 1850.The Paris Agreement stipulates that the increase in global temperature should be limited to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels, and even to 1.5 °C. Due to historical data availability, the comparative period used by WMO for this purpose is 1850 to 1900. read more

Indicator: Global environmental footprint of consumption

A graph shows the global environmental footprint of household consumption, represented by the indicator’s energy consumption, CO₂ emissions and raw material use. The indicators show the environmental footprint generated by the consumption activities of private households in Germany and abroad

Compared with 2010, energy consumption by private households and associated carbon dioxide emissions decreased slightly overall.Raw material use stagnated at the level of 2010.In its Sustainability Strategy the German government sets the goal of reducing the global environmental footprint of private household consumption in all three areas. read more

Indicator: Environmentally friendly passenger transport

A graph shows the share of pedestrian, utility cycling, railway and passenger transport services in the overall passenger transport volume. Shown here are the years between 2003 and 2021. There has been changes in method in this period in 2003 and 2007.

The share of environmentally friendly passenger transport has remained more or less constant since 2003, only slightly increasing until 2019 and reaching 20.6 %. Due to the pandemic it decreased in 2020 and 2021 to around 18 %.To keep the environmental impact of passenger transport low, the share of environmentally friendly transport in total passenger transport should be as high as possible.The F... read more

Indicator: Environmentally friendly consumption

A graph shows the market shares of products with official eco-labelling. Between 2012 and 2022 this figure rose from 3.6 % to 13.9 %. In 2020 there was a significant increase from 7.9 %to 13.4 %. The target for 2030 is 34 % market share.

In the sector of products with official eco-labels, 13.9 % of turnover was generated with particularly environmentally friendly products in 2022.The Federal Government has set the target of increasing the market share of environmentally friendly products to 34 % by 2030.More efforts are needed to achieve this goal, particularly in the food and mobility sectors. read more

Indicator: Total raw material productivity

A graph shows the total raw material productivity plus the primary raw material inputs and the sum of gross domestic product and the value imports from 2010 to 2021 (2010 = 100).

The total raw material productivity grew by 15 % between 2010 and 2021.According to the German government, an average growth of 1.6 % of total raw material productivity must be achieved between 2010 and 2030.With annual growth averaging around 1.3 %, the current development is below this target.Total raw material productivity is a measure of the efficiency of raw material use and also includes raw... read more

Indicator: Raw material footprint

A graph shows the primary raw material consumption per capita for 2000 to 2021. It is divided according to different types of materials. After an initial increase, the raw material footprint has fallen again to its original level in recent years.

Primary raw material use per capita, or the raw material footprint, decreased only by 1 % between 2010 and 2021.These figures include raw materials which were required for the production of consumed goods at home and abroad.German raw material consumption is too high by international comparison and is to be reduced further. read more

Indicator: Final energy productivity

A graph shows final energy productivity from 2008 to 2022. Productivity rose by more than 26 percent since 2008. Final energy consumption and gross domestic product are also shown.

The efficiency with which an economy uses energy can be measured by the "final energy productivity" indicator.Between 2008 and 2022, final energy productivity increased by 26%.Reducing energy consumption is more important than increasing energy productivity.The European "Energy Efficiency Directive" and the German "Energy Efficiency Act" set ambitious targets for reducing final energy consumption. read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment