Indicator: Amount of waste – municipal waste

A graph shows the amount of municipal waste from 20102 to 2021. During this period the amount increased from 49.2 million tonnes to 51.8 million tonnes.

The volume of municipal waste fluctuates only slightly over time. In 2021 it stood at 51.8 million tonnes.The target of environmental policy is the avoidance of waste generation.This target has not been achieved for the municipal waste. To reduce resource consumption, municipal waste has to decline. read more

Indicator: Recycling municipal waste

A graph shows the proportions of processed and recycled municipal waste in the total quantity of municipal waste from 2002 to 2021. During this period the proportion of recycled municipal waste rose from 56.1 to 67.8 percent.

The recycling rate for municipal waste rose from 56 % in 2002 to 67.8 % in 2021.The target set by the Federal Government of increasing the recycling percentage for municipal waste to 65 % by 2020 has therefore been achieved.However, there is still a need for action for individual subgroups of municipal waste. read more

Indicator: Taxes related to the environment

A graph shows the development of environmental taxes for 1995 (40.2 billion euros) to 2021 (68 billion euros) and their share of total tax revenues in the public budgets.

The most important environmental taxes are energy, motor vehicle and revenues from national emissions trading.In 2021, environmental taxes amounted to a total of 68 billion euros.The share of total taxes has been on a downward trend since 2005 and now stands at 8.2 %. read more

Indicator: Energy consumption in manufacturing

A graph shows the trend for primary energy consumption in the manufacturing industry and the proportion of gross value-added (price-adjusted) between 1995 and 2020. In 1995, energy consumption amounted to 3,744 Petajoules, and in 2020, to 3,750 Petajoules.

Energy consumption in manufacturing hardly changed at all between 1995 and 2020.In 2020, energy consumption in the industry sector amounted to 3,750 Petajoules, which was roughly the same level than in previous years. Since a peak in 2017, the values have fallen every year.Germany’s primary energy consumption should fall by 50 % by 2050. The manufacturing sector will have to contribute to it. read more

Indicator: Greenhouse gas emissions in industry

A graph shows greenhouse gas emissions and gross value-added between 1995 and 2022. Greenhouse gas emissions fell from 238.4 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents in 1995 to 164 million tonnes in 2022. Gross value-added increased during that time.

Greenhouse gas emissions of the manufacturing industry fell by around 31 % between 1995 and 2022.Over the same period, productivity in the manufacturing industry grew by about 46 % (adjusted for price).Germany is aiming for greenhouse gas neutrality by 2045. read more

Indicator: Environmental costs of energy and road transport

A graph shows the development of environmental costs energy generation and road transport between 2016 and 2021. They were 256.4 billion euros in 2016 and 241.5 billion in 2021.

Power generation, heat generation and transport activities pollute the environment, among other things, through the emission of greenhouse gases and air pollutants.This results in high subsequent costs for society, for example through environmentally-induced diseases, damage to ecosystems or even buildings.For Germany, these environmental costs are estimated to amount to almost 241 billion euros i... read more

Indicator: Organic farming

A graph shows the increase of the share of organic farming areas in total utilised agricultural area based on data of the German Federal Statistical Office and the FMFA. It also shows the 30 percent target of the Federal Government.

According to the data of the German Federal Statistical Office, the share of area under organic farming of agricultural land increased from 2.9 % to 9.7 % from 1999 to 2022.The Federal Government aims to increase the proportion of organically cultivated areas in agricultural land to 30 % by 2030.At the growth rate of recent years, this aim is expected to be missed in 2030. read more

Indicator: Commitment to environmental protection

A graph shows the percentage of the population actively involved in environmental protection and nature conservation or who could imagine becoming involved. In 2022 only the current involvement was surveyed which was at 17 percent.

In the 2022 representative survey, 17 % said they were actively involved in environmental protection and nature conservation. In 2020, the figure was 19 % and in 2018 and 2016 12 % and 6 %.The indicator shows that the positive trend of previous years has not continued.Considering the single-digit percentages for active engagement from 2006 to 2014, the 17 % from 2022 represents a relatively large... read more

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