Indicator: Population exposure to particulate matter pollution

A diagram shows the number of people from 2010 to 2020 in Germany affected by exceeding the 2005 World Health Organization (WHO) guideline value for particulate matter (PM2.5). The exposure decreased significantly in the period shown.

The exposure of the population to particulate matter (excluding traffic-related measuring points) was significantly lower in 2020 than in 2010.Particulate matter concentrations in ambient air are considerably affected by weather conditions which may vary substantially within the year and from one year to another.The German Environment Agency (UBA) proposes a target of keeping the exposure of the e... read more

Indicator: Population exposure to traffic noise

A graph shows the proportion of people exposed to traffic noise above 55 decibels during the day and above 50 decibels at night, as observed in the 2012 and 2017 noise mappings. It differentiates between road, aircraft and rail traffic noise.

According to the 2017 noise mapping, about 13.2 % of the total population was adversely affected by night-time noise. This is 0.6 percentage points less compared to 2012.The 2017 noise mapping further showed that 19.1% of the population was exposed to a noise level of above 55 decibels during the day. This is about 2.3 percentage points less than in 2012.The main source of noise is road traffic. R... read more


German Environmental Survey, GerES


Chemicals, mould or noise – people are exposed every day to potentially harmful influences from the environment. In the German Environmental Survey, the Federal Environment Agency is investigating the exposure of the population to pollutants and other environmental effects such as noise. It is thereby contributing to the protection of people and the environment. read more



stylised groups of people, one is highlighted in colour

The function of epidemiology is to investigate the frequency of occurrence of diseases, health problems, or other health-related phenomena in populations or population groups, and to look for possible causes. read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment