RADOST - Regional Adaptation Strategies for the German Baltic Coast

Background and Goals

The objective of RADOST is the development of adaptation strategies for the Baltic coastline of Germany through a dialogue between academics, economists, policy-makers and the public. Other important goals are to minimize the economic, social and environmental harm and to capitalize on development opportunities brought about by climate change. Furthermore, the project aims to strengthen and extend the network and communication of the stakeholders on the Baltic coast and beyond.

The project structure of RADOST is organized into the following general fields ("modules"): Network building and regional dialogue

    • Research in natural and engineering science
    • Socio-economic analysis
    • National and European political setting / national and international exchange
    • Communication and dissemination of results

Networks and dialogue are centered on six focus topics that make up integral, climate-dependent economic industries and spheres of activity in the region. Results of engineering, environmental and socio-economic research are processed and then complemented by implementation-focused research. On-site implementation projects with local partners help to determine appropriate solutions.

Forums, bringing together experts and stakeholders to address important topics, will take place both on the general level, encompassing the project region and elsewhere, and at the local level in specific focus areas.

Content time

to

Research area/region

Country
  • Germany
Region of implementation (all German federal states)
  • Mecklenburg Western Pomerania
  • Schleswig-Holstein
Natural spatial classification
  • coasts: North Sea-/Baltic Sea coasts
  • North-East German lowland
Spatial resolution 

Ostseeküste

Steps in the process of adaptation to climate change

Step 1: Understand and describe climate change

Approach and results 

The regional climate model CLM with the emission scenarios A1B and B1 and the respective realizations have been used in this project (see also North German Climate Office with the North German Climate Atlas). CLM covers the entire Baltic Sea, the entire period (1961-2100) and the data are freely available to all. Each of the two scenarios was combined with two realizations to cover the whole range of climate data.

Parameter (climate signals)
  • Heat waves
  • Altered rainfall patterns
  • Higher average temperatures
  • Sea level rise und storm surges
  • Extreme precipitation (incl. hail, snow)
  • Storm
  • Dry periods
Further times 

Module 2 (Natural and engineering sciences): This module will investigate the regional impacts of climate change. Providing the basic data, the research will capture the structural and functional changes resulting from climate change in the western Baltic Sea as well as its inner and outer coastal waters. This integrative modelling approach will foster simulations with strong practical relevance and will also foster the investigation of new questions and issues. In addition to the simulation of waves, turbulences, currents and sediment transport, other aspects, such as water chemistry and ecological aspects such as phytoplankton will be incorporated. The models are able to incorporate both large-scale areas, such as the entire Baltic Sea, and areas on the local scale, such as the individual coastal sections.

Module 3 (socio-economic analysis): This module deals with the changes of the regional economic structures expected as a result of climate change. Possible income and employment aspects as well as the costs and benefits of individual adaption measures will be analyzed.

Step 2a: Identify and assess risks - climate effects and impact

Approach and results 

Module 2 (Natural and engineering sciences):
This module will investigate the regional impacts of climate change. Providing the basic data, the research will capture the structural and functional changes resulting from climate change in the western Baltic Sea as well as its inner and outer coastal waters. This integrative modelling approach will foster simulations with strong practical relevance and will also foster the investigation of new questions and issues. In addition to the simulation of waves, turbulences, currents and sediment transport, other aspects, such as water chemistry and ecological aspects such as phytoplankton will be incorporated. The models are able to incorporate both large-scale areas, such as the entire Baltic Sea, and areas on the local scale, such as the individual coastal sections.

Module 3 (socio-economic analysis):
This module deals with the changes of the regional economic structures expected as a result of climate change. Possible income and employment aspects as well as the costs and benefits of individual adaption measures will be analyzed.

Step 2b: Identify and assess risks - Vulnerability, risks and chances

Approach and results 

In various focus topics vulnerability is analyzed: e.g. of a community or region or of infrastructures. Thus possible impacts of climate change and a corresponding need for adaption can be figured out.

Step 3: Develop and compare measures

Measures and/or strategies 

Module 1 (Network building and dialogue):
This module constitutes the heart of RADOST and provides a gateway between research and practice. Sector-related and cross-sectoral issues are addressed in various forms of exchange and cooperation. The state of research activities is continuously assessed according to the needs of regional stakeholders, and approaches to solutions, including concrete applications, are being developed.

Module 4 (National and European political setting / national and international exchange):
In this module, international and inter-regional exchanges of information and experiences are organized. Moreover, regional adaptation strategies are compared with the policy developments at the national and EU level.

Time horizon
  • 2036–2065
  • 2071–2100 (far future)

Step 4: Plan and implement measures

Measures and/or strategies 

In cooperation with the practice partners, there are 16 application projects planned within the different topics. These shall illustrate the economic opportunities of innovative responses to climate change.

The application projects of RADOST:

    1. Preparations for a plan to protect sandy shores 2050
    2. Consulting the Hanseatic city of Rostock: drinking water supply and flood protection in climate change
    3. Innovative technologies for coastal protection: use of geosynthetics
    4. Maintenance of waterways and coastal protection: exploiting synergies
    5. Innovative methods for climate change adaptation in coastal protection - Focus area Kieler Foerde
    6. Information pavillon Schoenberger Beach
    7. Tourism and climate Change - regional adaptation strategies
    8. Site planning in climate change
    9. Local network Kieler Foerde
    10. Development of adapted plant varieties
    11. Quality components for the Water Framework Directive: supporting of seaweed and bladderwrack populations
    12. Future strategies for aquaculture - focus area Kieler Foerde
    13. Controlling nutrient inputs by retention basins
    14. Adaptation strategy seaport Lübeck
    15. Integration of environmental data of the Baltic Sea in the route-specific design optimization of ships
    16. Coastal Protection and geothermal energy

Participants

Funding / Financing 

Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) - research priority: "KLIMZUG – Managing climate change in the regions for the future "

Project management 

Ecologic Institut, Berlin

Cooperation/Partners 

Universität Rostock, Fachgebiet Küstenwasserbau (URCE);
Leibniz-Institut für Ostseeforschung Warnemünde (IOW);
Leibniz-Institut für Gewässerökologie und Binnenfischerei (IGB), Berlin;
Landesamt für Landwirtschaft, Umwelt und ländliche Räume (LLUR) Schleswig-Holstein;
Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut (vTI), Bundesforschungsinstitut für Ländliche Räume, Wald und Fischerei, Braunschweig;
Institut für ökologische Wirtschaftsforschung (IÖW), Berlin;
EUCC – Die Küsten Union Deutschland, Warnemünde;
GICON – Großmann Ingenieur Consult GmbH;
Büro für Umwelt und Küste, Kiel;
Institut für Küstenforschung am HZG, Geesthacht;
Staatliches Amt für Umwelt und Natur (StAUN) Rostock;
Institut für angewandte Ökologie (IfAÖ), Neu Broderstorf;
Coastal Research & Management (CRM), Kiel;
Geographisches Institut der Universität Kiel;
Landesbetrieb Küstenschutz, Nationalpark und Meeresschutz Schleswig-Holstein (LKN), Husum;
H.S.W. Ingenieurbüro für Angewandte und Umweltgeologie GmbH.
Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz (BMELV);
Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Tourismus Mecklenburg-Vorpommern;
Ministerium für Landwirtschaft, Umwelt und ländliche Räume Schleswig-Holstein (MLUR);
Ministerium für Landwirtschaft, Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz Mecklenburg-Vorpommern;
Innenministerium Schleswig-Holstein;
Landesamt für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Geologie Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (LUNG).
Landeshauptstadt Kiel, Stadt Lübeck, Gemeinde Schönberg, Gemeinde Ostseebad Strande, Gemeinde Mönkeberg, Gemeinde Heikendorf, Gemeinde Laboe, Kurverwaltung Ostseebad Göhren, Landkreis Rügen.
Invest in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern GmbH, Wirtschaftsförderung und Technologietransfer Schleswig-Holstein GmbH (WTSH), Industrie- und Handelskammer zu Rostock, Industrie- und Handelskammer zu Kiel, Bäderverband Mecklenburg-Vorpommern e.V., Tourismusverband Mecklenburg-Vorpommern e.V., Steigenberger Hotelgruppe, MariLim – Gewässeruntersuchung und Forschung, KWS SAAT AG, BIOPARK e.V. Ökologischer Landbau, Flensburger Schiffbau Gesellschaft (FSG), ISL-Baltic Consult, Lübecker Hafen-Gesellschaft mbH, Seehafen Kiel GmbH, Maritimes Cluster Schleswig-Holstein, Stadtwerke Kiel, Zentrum für Agrarlandschaftsforschung (ZALF), IFM-GEOMAR, Institut für Tourismus- und Bäderforschung in Nordeuropa GmbH.

Contact

Ecologic Institut gemeinnützige GmbH
Pfalzburger Straße 43/44
D-10717 Berlin

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Fields of action:
 agriculture  biological diversity  coastal and marine protection  energy sector  tourism industry  water regime, water management  cross sectoral