Peatland and forest climate protection to reduce GHG emissions

drainage channel through a peatlandClick to enlarge
Many peatlands have been drained for agricultural purposes
Source: Peter Eggermann /

In 2013 the disturbed soil of peatlands and forests caused emissions with climate impact of about 45 million tonnes CO2 in Germany alone. The drainage of peatland exposes plant material to the air which was previously preserved in airtight conditions and then releases carbon and nitrous oxide. An UBA study develops incentives how to reduce peatland emissions worldwide.

The study done on behalf of the German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt) at the German Environment Agency (UBA) proposes protection measures at international level, which include a peatland market mechanism, separate commitment targets, enhanced linking of emissions trading systems and also voluntary initiatives.