air pollutant


Heavy Metals in Particulate Matter (PM10)

Heavy metals in ambient air rarely occur elementary but most of the time bound to particulate matter. By inhalation health risks arise because some pollutants like arsenic, cadmium and nickel are classified to be cancerogenic.The European directive 2004/107/EC regulates the measurement and assessment of arsenic, cadmium and nickel in particulate matter (PM10). Lead in particulate matter... read more


Sulphur dioxide

Sulphur dioxide is a colourless, water soluble gas with a pungent smell. It is produced from combustion of fossil fuels, for example coal and oil. read more



Ozone is a colourless and toxic gas, and one of the most important trace gases in the atmosphere. The natural ozone layer which occurs in the atmosphere at an altitude of between 20 and 30 km protects life on earth against harmful ultraviolet radiation. read more


Nitrogen dioxide

The main sources of the air pollutant nitrogen dioxide are combustion processes in the industrial and energy production sectors, and road transport. Nitrogen dioxide affects the respiratory mucous membrane and influences the respiratory function. read more


Carbon monoxide

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colourless, odourless and tasteless gas, which is a result of incomplete fuel combustion. The main source of carbon monoxide in ambient air is the transport sector. read more


Environmental Specimen Bank

photo of a women working in the Environmental specimen bank

The Environmental Specimen Bank (ESB) serves to investigate, document and archive environmental and human exposure to pollutants in Germany at a specific point in time. read more


Information on the PM10 exceedance table

The table shows the up-to-date number of days of PM10 exceedances in the current year at the measuring stations of the German States and UBA. PM10 (PM = Particulate Matter) is the term used for matter with a maximum diameter of 10 micrometres (µm). read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment