agriculture

Umwelt-Indikator

Indicator: Grasslands

A graph shows the area of permanent grassland and its share of the total agricultural area from 1991 to 2021. Both indicators have been declining until 2013 and have then increased in the years that followed. Most recently, the values have stagnated.

Between 1991 and 2021 the area of grassland in Germany decreased by around 11 %.The area of permanent grassland has almost remained at the same level in recent years.The national implementation of the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) aims, among others, at maintaining the 2012 level of (total) grassland area.Effective steps are required to achieve this target. read more

Indicator: Agricultural nitrogen surplus

A graph shows the agricultural nitrogen surpluses for individual years and as rolling 5-year means between 1990 and 2019. The 5-year-mean nitrogen surpluses in kilogrammes per hectare dropped from 117 to 92. The target for 2030 is 70 kilogrammes per hectare and year.

The five-year average of nitrogen surplus of the total balance per hectare of utilized agricultural land has decreased by 21 % since 1992.The Federal Government aims to reduce the average nitrogen surplus of the total balance of the years 2028 to 2032 to 70 kilogrammes per hectare of agricultural land.If the current trend continues, the target will be missed. read more

Indicator: Organic farming

A graph shows the increase of the share of organic farming areas in total utilised agricultural area based on data of the German Federal Statistical Office and the FMFA. It also shows the 20 percent target of the Federal Government.

According to the data of the German Federal Statistical Office, the share of area under organic farming of agricultural land increased from 2.9 % to 9.6 % from 1999 to 2020.The Federal Government aims to increase the proportion of organically cultivated areas in agricultural land to 20 % by 2030.At the growth rate of recent years, this aim is expected to be missed until 2030. read more

News on Chemicals

Pesticide authorisations undermine environmental protection

A field with a crop protection device that spreads fertilizer

Under the current legal situation, pesticides are authorised in Germany even though scientific findings show that they are harmful to the environment. The German authorities are currently unable to effectively protect the environment from harmful pesticides. This should be re-regulated under European law. read more

Soil | Agriculture

Fertilizer

Großaufnahme eines Traktors, der auf einem Feld Gülle ausfährt

In order to develop and grow, apart from adequate water, plants need nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphate and potassium and trace elements such as copper and zinc. Only if these requirements are met can high yield, high quality crops be obtained. Crop plants obtain nutrients and trace elements from the soil via their root systems, a process in which soil humus content plays an instrumental role.... read more

News on Soil | Agriculture

CAP-Reform 2013: Limited environmental impact, high costs

Acker, der teils begrünt, teils frisch angebaut wurde. Die Furchen auf dem frisch bepflanzten Acker sind tief. Am Horizont sind vereinzelte Laubbäume und Himmel zu sehen.

In 2013, the Common Agricultural Policy was reformed with the aim of reducing negative environmental impacts of agriculture. Accordingly, farmers had to comply with certain environmentally friendly farming measures, the so-called "greening", to receive the EU subsidies. Despite high costs, however, the effects of the reform have remained small. This has been shown by a recent paper by UBA. read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment