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external costs


Indicator: Environmental costs of energy and road transport

A graph shows the development of environmental costs energy generation and road transport between 2014 and 2017. They were 202,1 billion euros in 2014 and 207,9 billion in 2017.

Power generation, heat generation and transport activities pollute the environment, among other things, through the emission of greenhouse gases and air pollutants.This results in high subsequent costs for society, for example through environmentally-induced diseases, damage to ecosystems or even buildings.For Germany, these environmental costs are estimated to amount to almost 208 billion euros i... read more

Transport | Noise

Economic aspects of transport

Stau auf einer Autobahn

Although the transport of people and goods ensures mobility and a wide variety of products, it also incurs a number of costs. Whereas the benefit of the goods added by transport is compensated by the prices of transport and transport services, other associated costs are only in part taken into account in decisions concerning how to execute transport. So-called external costs are ignored, especiall... read more


The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment