environmental protection


Indicator: Employment in environmental protection

A graph shows the employment in environmental protection and their share in the overall employment for 2002 until 2019 – in two-year-steps. The share was 6.5 percent in 2019, whereas it was only 3.7 percent in 2002.

In 2019, around 2.9 million people worked in environmental protection. That was 6.5 % of all employees.Of this, over half are environment-related services.Since 2002, employment in environmental protection has risen steadily and environmental protection has established itself as an important factor for the labour market. read more

Indicator: Employment in the renewable energy sector

Graph: After a strong increase since 2000, employment has been declining since 2012 due to the sharp job losses in solar energy. There was a slight increase from 2015 to 2016. Most jobs were created in the wind energy and biomass sectors. Between 2016 and 2019, there were sharp declines. The years 2020 and 2021, however, recorded slight increases, 2021 marking the return to the level achieved in 2015.

344,100 people worked in the renewable energy sector in 2021.Employment in the renewable energy sector reflects the development of the German market.Strong employment growth until 2011 was followed by a pronounced decline that resulted from the widespread collapse of the domestic photovoltaic industry.Only since 2019, employment has been slightly rising again. read more

Indicator: Environmental protection goods

A graph shows the value of environmental protection goods produced between 2009 and 2019 as well as the share of these goods in the overall industrial production.

Approximately 6 % of industrial production in Germany can be used to protect the environment, e.g. for noise protection or climate mitigation.In 2019, potential environmental protection goods worth nearly 90.6 billion euros were produced in Germany.The production of environmental protection goods has slightly increased since 2013. read more

Sustainability | Strategies | International matters

Mining law

The extraction of lignite from opencast mines is also subject to mining law

Every industrialised economy is dependent on a secure supply of raw materials. Manufacturing industry and the energy sector in particular require immense amounts of such materials. It is for this reason that Germany extracts its own deposits and also imports significant amounts of those raw materials which are not available domestically. read more

News on Sustainability | Strategies | International matters

English-language Guide to the German Environmental Administration

Arial photo of a city with a river

The environmental administration in Germany is deeply rooted in the German tradition of federalism. Due to this specific tradition, German environmental administration might seem rather complex from an outside view. Therefore the German Environment Agency has developed a guide in English to provide a concise introduction to the German environmental administration for an international readership. read more


Ecological impact of farming

Tractor with tow tube

Germany’s farming sector uses the largest amount of land, but is at the same a lynchpin of our economy – one that provides a reliable food supply and produces sustainable raw materials. The farming sector also plays a key role when it comes to preservation and development of the man-made environment. But increasingly intensive farming brings with it a host of eco-unfriendly effects. read more

The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment