The Development of the German Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change
The first reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) dating back to 2001 emphasised that climate change adaptation is an important element when coping with climate change. However, the topic hardly received any attention because most of the actors involved concentrated on climate protection measures. By now it is largely accepted that both climate protection and climate adaptation are necessary in order to be able to respond as adequately as possible to the challenges posed by climate change.
In 2005, the German federal policy took up the issue of climate change adaptation for the first time within the context of the federal government's climate protection programme. This programme intended to develop a nation-wide strategy to adapt to climate change. In order to support this process, KomPass - Climate Impacts and Adaptation in Germany was established in the Federal Environment Agency in October 2006.
The development of the German Adaptation Strategy began in mid-2007 under the supervision of the Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMU). The process was accompanied by an informal, inter-departmental working group on adaptation. In December 2008, the strategy was adopted by the federal government and published under the title “Deutsche Anpassungsstrategie an den Klimawandel, short "DAS", German Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change.
The previously informal working group on adaptation was formalised after the adoption of the DAS and became the Interministerial Working Group on Adaptation to Climate Change (IMA Anpassung). Nearly all federal ministries are represented in the working group. Its purpose is to coordinate the cooperation among the participating ministries and further develop the DAS.
By now, the working group has been supplemented by an additional body: In June 2009, the Conference of Environmental Ministers established a standing committee for the adaptation to climate change impacts (Ständiger Ausschuss zur Anpassung an die Folgen des Klimawandels; StA AFK). It is part of the federal government/federal states working group on climate, energy, mobility and sustainability (Bund-Länder-Arbeitsgemeinschaft Klima, Energie, Mobilität und Nachhaltigkeit; BLAG KliNa). The committee's task is to provide information to the federal government and the federal states and coordinate and link their respective climate adaptation activities.
The Adaption Action Plan
Both bodies have played an important role during the development of the second central element of the German climate adaptation policy (Aktionsplan Anpassung; Adaptation Action Plan; APA). This action plan was developed in close cooperation between federal and state governments and subsequently adopted by the federal government in August 2011. The development was accompanied by an extensive process including dialogues and participation, with participation by local communities, science representatives and several social groups. The action plan explains how the objectives and potential measures that are set out in the German Adaptation Strategy can be substantiated with specific activities of the federal government over the next few years. Furthermore, the plan also determines which follow-up measures are necessary to implement and develop the DAS.
Further Information on the Adaption Action Plan
Advancement of the DAS
Climate change is a very dynamic area of research as well as of politics. The knowledge base is expanded constantly. To ensure that this new knowledge is incorporated into the political framework, the DAS is continuously developed and improved. This is why in late 2015 the German federal government enacted a progress report which included tangible steps for the advancement as well as the implementation of the DAS. The monitoring report to DAS (Monitoringbericht 2015) and the nation-wide and cross-sectoral vulnerability assessment, published in 2015, by the Vulnerability-network provided the basis for the progress report. The next monitoring report is expected to be published in 2019; the next progress report is scheduled for 2020. The progress report will also contain an advancement of the Adaption Action Plan II. More information on this topic is available here: Further development of the DAS.
The German Climate Preparedness Portal
In September 2018 the German federal government launched the German climate preparedness portal. Here, municipalities, businesses and society can get support in the form of information and tools for their handling of the consequences of climate change. The German environment agency supports the portal with a network where stakeholders can exchange information on adaption to climate change, counsel each other or learn from each other.