transport

Transport | Noise

Economic aspects of transport

Stau auf einer Autobahn

Although the transport of people and goods ensures mobility and a wide variety of products, it also incurs a number of costs. Whereas the benefit of the goods added by transport is compensated by the prices of transport and transport services, other associated costs are only in part taken into account in decisions concerning how to execute transport. So-called external costs are ignored, especiall... read more

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Waste | Resources

Statistics concerning transfrontier shipment of waste

Development of the import and export of hazardous waste and other restricted waste 1995-2008

German government statistics concerning transfrontier shipment of wastes show that such transactions mainly involve neighboring countries, with the lion’s share of waste originating from the relevant border regions. The mean transport distance between the location at which waste originates and its recovery or disposal destination is less than 500 kilometers. read more

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Umwelt-Indikator

Indicator: Land-take for settlements and transport infrastructure

A graph in the form of a bar chart shows how many hectares of land per day in Germany were newly designated for settlements and transport infrastructure between 1993 and 2018. The chart also shows the four-year average.

Between 2015 and 2018, 56 hectares of land per day were newly dedicated to settlements and transport infrastructure.Originally, the increase was to fall to 30 hectares per day by 2020. According to the goals of the sustainability strategy, the daily increase now should be less than 30 hectares per day by 2030.The Integrated Environmental Programme of the Federal Environment Ministry specifies a re... read more

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Indicator: Final energy consumption in transport

A graph shows the final energy consumption in freight and passenger transport between 1991 and 2018 and the targets of the Federal Government (2005 = 100) presented as an index.

The Federal Government wants to lower final energy consumption in the freight and passenger sector by 15 to 20 % by 2030 compared to 2005.However, final energy consumption in transport seems to stagnate at a high level with an upward trend in recent years. It will be difficult to reach the target in either sector.Freight and passenger transport have become significantly more efficient since the ea... read more

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Indicator: Environmentally friendly freight transport

A graph shows the shares of rail and inland shipping in freight transport volume between 1999 and 2018. The share of rail transport first increased and then began to stagnate, while the share of inland shipping declined.

The rail share in freight transport fluctuated between 17 % and 20 % over the past years.The share of inland waterways transport fell almost continuously from 13.5 % to 7.0 % since 1999.According to the Federal Government, the rail freight transport share should have been rising to 25 % by 2015, while the share of inland waterways should have reached 14%. Both targets were clearly missed. read more

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Indicator: Environmentally friendly passenger transport

A graph shows the share of pedestrian, utility cycling, railway and passenger transport services in the overall passenger transport volume. Shown here are the years between 2003 and 2017. There has been one change in method in this period.

The share of environmentally friendly passenger transport has remained more or less constant since 2003, reaching 20 % in 2017.To keep the environmental impact of passenger transport low, the share of environmentally friendly transport in total passenger transport should be as high as possible.The Federal Government’s National Cycling Plan 2020 is to support cycling as a means of transport. read more

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The Umweltbundesamt

For our environment