German Environmental Survey 1990-1992, GerES II

Girl and boy, their parents and grandparents are sitting on a lawn in a park.Click to enlarge
Children and adults were involved in the German environmental Survey 1990 to 1992.
Source: Monkey Business / Fotolia.com

Programme

GerES IIa (West-Germany) 1990/91

2524 adults aged between 25 and 69 years collected from 100 sampling locations (response rate: 63.1 %) and 453 children 6 to 14 years of age.

GerES IIb (East-Germany) 1991/92

1763 adults aged between 18 and 79 years collected from 50 sampling locations (response rate: 69.0 %) and 359 children and adolescents aged between 6 to 17 years (238 children 6 to 14 years of age)

Selection of adults: two stage sampling design with regard to community size, age, and gender.

Selection of children: children who lived in the households of the adult.

Samples and Parameters

  • Whole blood

    cadmium, copper, lead, mercury; FEP (children)

  • Morning urine

    arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, nicotine, Cotinine, creatinine; pentachlorophenol (subsample, N=1294 adults, N=695 children), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH, subsample, N=150 adults, N=668 children)

  • Scalp hair

    aluminium, barium, boron, cadmium, calcium, chromium, copper, lead, magnesium, phosphorus, platinum, strontium, thallium, zinc; nicotine, Cotinine (subsample, N=1317 adults, N=255 children) caesium, palladium uranium, vanadium (subsample of GerES IIb, N=632 adults, N=131 children)

  • 24h Duplicates

    aluminium, arsenic, lead, cadmium, calcium, chromium, iron, copper, potassium, magnesium, manganese, sodium, nickel, mercury, selenium, zinc, nitrate, nitrite (subsample of GerES IIa, N=318 adults)

  • Passive sampler

    volatile organic compounds (VOC) (subsample of GerES IIa, N=502)

  • Tap water: ("first draw" and "flush" sample)

    cadmium, calcium, copper, iron, lead, magnesium, sodium, zinc

  • House Dust - Dust Deposit

    arsenic, boron, cadmium, calcium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc

  • Content of vacuum cleaner bag

    arsenic, cadmium, calcium, chromium, lead, copper, magnesium, manganese, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, strontium, zinc;
    lindane, pentachlorophenol (subsample, N=861);
    pyrethroides, PBO (subsample, N=1215)

  • Indoor air

    formaldehyde (subsample of GerES IIa, N=502)

  • Water works sample

    aluminium, antimony, barium, beryllium, boron, cadmium, calcium, caesium, chromium, cobalt, iron, potassium, copper, lead lithium, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, phosphorus, rubidium, silver, sodium, strontium, zinc; nitrate, sulphate, chloride; aromatic and chlorinated hydrocarbons; pesticides (subsample of GerES IIb, N=803 adults, N=198 children)

  • Dustfall outdoors

    aluminium, arsenic, barium, cadmium, calcium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, strontium, zinc

  • Volume Ia

    Krause, C., W. Babisch, K. Becker, W. Bernigau, K. Hoffmann, P. Nöllke, C. Schulz, R. Schwabe, M. Seiwert und W. Thefeld:
    Environmental Survey 1990/92, Vol. Ia: Study Design and Human Biomonitoring, Trace Elements in Blood and Urine of the German Population

  • Volume Ib

    Krause, C., C. Schulz, K. Becker, W. Bernigau, K. Hoffmann, P. Nöllke, R. Schwabe und M. Seiwert:
    Environmental Survey 1990/92, Vol. Ib: Human Biomonitoring: Trace Elements in the Hair of the German Population

  • Volume III

    Becker, K., P. Nöllke, E. Hermann-Kunz, C. Krause, D. Schenker und C. Schulz:
    Environmental Survey 1990/91, Vol. III: Intake of Trace Elements and Pollutants with Diet (Duplicates and Diet History) in West Germany.

  • Volume IV

    Hoffmann, K., C. Krause, C. Schulz, R. Schwabe, B. Seifert und D. Ullrich:
    Environmental Survey 1990/91, Vol. IV: Individual Exposure to VOC in West-Germany

  • Volume VII

    Becker, K., M. Seiwert, W. Bernigau, K. Hoffmann, C. Krause, P. Nöllke, C. Schulz und R. Schwabe:
    Environmental Survey 1990/92, Vol. VII: Mercury - Multivariate Statistical Analysis

  • Volume IIa

    Radoschewski, M., R. Kirschner und M. Kunert:
    Environmental Survey -A Comparison between 1985/86 and 1990/91-Vol. IIa: A Questionnaire Based Study on Exposure in the Domestic Environment and on Selected Problems in Environmental Protection in West Germany

  • Volume V

    Becker, K., M. Müssig-Zufika, K. Hoffmann, C. Krause, P. Nöllke, C. Schulz und M. Seiwert:
    Environmental Survey 1990/92, Vol. V: Drinking Water: Trace Elements in Drinking Water of the German population

  • Volume IX

    Hoffmann, K., D. Helm, K. Becker, C. Friedrich, C. Krause, P. Nöllke, M. Seiwert, B. Seifert:
    Environmental Survey 1990/92, Vol. IX: Cadmium - Multivariate Statistical Analysis

  • Volume VIII

    Seiwert, M., K. Becker, C. Friedrich, D. Helm, K. Hoffmann, C. Krause, P. Nöllke, C. Schulz, B. Seifert:
    Environmental Survey 1990/92, Vol. VIII: Arsenic - Multivariate Statistical Analysis

  • Volume X

    Bernigau, W., K. Becker, C. Friedrich, K. Hoffmann, C. Krause, C. Schulz, B. Seifert:
    Environmental Survey 1990/92, Vol. X: Lead - Multivariate Statistical Analysis

  • Volume VI

    Friedrich, C., D. Helm, K. Becker, K. Hoffmann, C. Krause, P. Nöllke, M. Seiwert, B. Seifert:
    Environmental Survey 1990/92, Vol. VI: House Dust: Trace Elements and Pesticides in House Dust from German Homes