German Environmental Survey 1985-1986, GerES I

pedestrians in a cityClick to enlarge
The population's exposure to contaminants is determined by health-related environmental monitoring
Source: mickey hoo / Fotolia.com

Programme

Population sample

Cross sectional sample of 2731 persons 25 to 69 years of age from 100 sampling locations in West Germany (response rate: 73 Percent) representative of the German population with regard to community size, age and gender.

Samples and parameters

  • Whole blood

    cadmium, copper, lead, mercury

  • Morning urine

    arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, mercury, creatinine;
    PCP (subsample, N=412), Cotinine (subsample, N=464)

  • Scalp hair

    aluminium, arsenic, barium, boron, cadmium, calcium, copper, iron, lead, magnesium, phosphorus, strontium, zinc

  • Tap water ("first draw" and "flush" sample)

    barium, boron, cadmium, calcium, copper, iron, lead, magnesium, manganese, sodium, strontium, zinc, nitrate, sulphate, chloride

  • Dust deposit (beaker)

    aluminium, arsenic, barium, cadmium, calcium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, strontium, zinc

  • Content of vacuum cleaner bag

    aluminium, arsenic, barium, cadmium, calcium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, lithium, magnesium, manganese, nickel, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, strontium, zinc; lindane, pentachlorophenol (subsample, N=465)

  • Indoor air: (passive sampler)

    formaldehyde (subsample, N=358)
    volatile organic compounds, VOC (subsample, N=479)

  • Water works sample

    barium, lead, boron, cadmium, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, sodium, strontium, zinc; nitrate, sulphate, chloride

  • Volume I

    Krause, C., M. Chutsch, M. Henke, M. Huber, C. Kliem, C. Schulz und E. Schwarz:
    Monitoring (Environmental Survey, Vol. I: Study Design and Human Biomonitoring

  • Volume II

    Schulz, C., M. Chutsch, R. Kirschner, W. Kirschner und M. Kunert:
    Environmental Survey, Vol. II: Interest in and Knowledge about the Environment, and Environmental Behaviour

  • Volume IIIa

    Krause, C., M. Chutsch, M. Henke, M. Leiske, C. Schulz und E. Schwarz:
    Environmental Survey, Vol. IIIa: Trace Elements in House Dust

  • Volume IIIb

    Krause, C., M. Chutsch, M. Henke, M. Leiske, E. Meyer, C. Schulz, E. Schwarz und R. Wolter:
    Environmental Survey, Vol. IIIb: Drinking Water

  • Volume IIIc

    Krause, C., M. Chutsch, M. Henke, M. Huber, C. Kliem, M. Leiske, W. Mailahn, C. Schulz, E. Schwarz, B. Seifert und D. Ullrich:
    Environmental Survey, Vol. IIIc: Indoor Air

  • Volume IVa

    Schwarz, E., M. Chutsch, C. Krause, C. Schulz, und W. Thefeld:
    Environmental Survey1985/86, Vol. IVa: Cadmium

  • Volume IVb

    Bernigau, W., K. Becker, M. Chutsch-Abelmann, M. Henke, C. Krause, C. Schulz, E. Schwarz
    Environmental Survey 1985/86, Vol. IVb: Lead